5:39am

Fri June 28, 2013
KALW Almanac

Friday June 28, 2013

1953
1953

  • 179th Day of 2013 / 186 Remaining
  • 86 Days Until The First Day of Autumn
  • Sunrise:5:50
  • Sunset:8:35
  • 14 Hours 45 Minutes of Daylight
  • Moon Rise:12:15am(Saturday)
  • Moon Set:11:57am
  • Moon’s Phase:65 %
  • The Next Full Moon
  • July 22 @ 11:16am
  • Full Buck Moon
  • Full Thunder Moon
  • Full Hay Moon

July is normally the month when the new antlers of buck deer push out of their foreheads in coatings of velvety fur. It was also often called the Full Thunder Moon, for the reason that thunderstorms are most frequent during this time. Another name for this month’s Moon was the Full Hay Moon.

  • Tides
  • High:2:57am/4:19pm
  • Low:9:24am/10:30pm
  • Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
  • Normal To Date:23.80
  • This Year:16.51
  • Last Year:15.77
  • Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
  • Holidays
  • National Columnists Day
  • National Tapioca Day
  • On This Day In …
  • 1778 --- Mary "Molly Pitcher" Hays McCauley, wife of an American artilleryman, carried water to the soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth and took her husband's place at his gun after he was overcome with heat.
  • 1887 --- Coca-Cola syrup and extract were patented.
  • 1894 --- U.S. President Grover Cleveland signed an act of Congress, making Labor Day a federal holiday in the U.S. The first Monday of September is when Labor Day is celebrated as a salute to working men and women across the country.
  • 1907 --- The Washington Nationals stole 13 bases in a single baseball game against the New York Highlanders. The New York catcher, incidentally, fared far better as a baseball executive in later years. That catcher became baseball commissioner Branch Rickey.
  • 1911 --- Samuel J. Battle became the first African-American policeman in New York City.
  • 1914 --- Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie are shot to death by a Bosnian Serb nationalist during an official visit to the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo. The killings sparked a chain of events that led to the outbreak of World War I by early August. On June 28, 1919, five years to the day after Franz Ferdinand's death, Germany and the Allied Powers signed the Treaty of Versailles, officially marking the end of World War I.
  • 1919 --- The Treaty of Versailles was signed ending World War I exactly five years after it began. The treaty also established the League of Nations.
  • 1953 --- Workers at a Chevrolet plant in Flint, Michigan, assemble the first Corvette, a two-seater sports car that would become an American icon. The first completed production car rolled off the assembly line two days later, one of just 300 Corvettes made that year.
  • 1964 --- Malcolm X founded the Organization for Afro American Unity to seek independence for blacks in the Western Hemisphere.
  • 1967 --- Israel declared Jerusalem reunified under its sovereignty following its capture of the Arab sector in the Six-Day War.
  • 1969 --- Just after 3 a.m., a police raid of the Stonewall Inn--a gay club located on New York City's Christopher Street--turns violent as patrons and local sympathizers begin rioting against the police. Although the police were legally justified in raiding the club, which was serving liquor without a license among other violations,

    New York's gay community had grown weary of the police department targeting gay clubs, a majority of which had already been closed. The crowd on the street watched quietly as Stonewall's employees were arrested, but when three drag queens and a lesbian were forced into the paddy wagon, the crowd began throwing bottles at the police. The officers were forced to take shelter inside the establishment, and two policemen were slightly injured before reinforcements arrived to disperse the mob. The protest, however, spilled over into the neighboring streets, and order was not restored until the deployment of New York's riot police. The so-called Stonewall Riot was followed by several days of demonstrations in New York and was the impetus for the formation of the Gay Liberation Front as well as other gay, lesbian, and bisexual civil rights organizations. It is also regarded by many as history's first major protest on behalf of equal rights for LGBT Americans.

  • 1975 --- David Bowie's "Fame" was released.
  • 1976 --- Women entered the Air Force Academy for the first time on this day. President Gerald R. Ford had actually opened the door by signed legislation [Oct 7, 1975] allowing women to enter the nation’s military academies. The first Air Force Academy class with women graduated in May 1980.
  • 1978 --- The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the medical school at the University of California at Davis to admit Allan Bakke. Bakke, a white man, argued he had been a victim of reverse racial discrimination.
  • 1985 --- Rout 66, the 59-year-old highway of 2,200 miles of blacktop was decertified as a U.S. highway. The highway that was a legendary part of Americana saw highway crews removing the classic roadway shield-markers that designated it as the highway west. Route 66 started in Chicago, Illinois and continued into Santa Monica, California. Martin Milner and George Maharis took us for many spins on the famous highway through the TV series which aired in the early sixties. To travel from one end of Route 66 to the other, one would go through eight states and three time zones. Today, a very small portion of the highway is still open. In some places, grass and vegetation, as seen from the interstate highway or railroad tracks nearby, have all but obscured the once well-traveled Route 66. Some one-stop, out-of-the-way places such as gas stations and greasy-spoon diners are now nothing more than decaying shells of their once glorious past.
  • 1992 --- A very strong earthquake shook the high desert of Southern California at 4:57 a.m. The M7.3 earthquake was centered on the eastern side of the San Bernardino Mountains near the town of Landers. The quake was the largest to strike California since the Kern County M7.7 earthquake in 1952. Vigorous rocking and rolling was felt 100 miles away in L.A. and the quake was felt as far away as Central California and Las Vegas, Nevada. Property damage: $56 million, including collapsed buildings, ruptured utility lines and widespread nonstructural damage. Human toll: One killed, 25 seriously injured, 372 treated for some sort of earthquake-related injuries, millions awakened with nightmares for weeks.
  • 1996 --- The Citadel, which had fought to keep one woman from enrolling as a cadet in its all-male military academy in 1993, abruptly ended its opposition to enrolling qualified female cadets. The change of policy happened after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled a similar all-male policy at the Virginia Military Institute was unconstitutional. The court said the school could not refuse to accept women while receiving federal or state tax dollars. Had the Citadel decided to retain its 153-year-old men-only policy, it would have lost public tax dollars.
  • 1997 --- The headlines screamed: “Fight Bites into MGM Earnings,” “Bit Part for Tyson,” “Pay-Per-Chew Bout,” and the one that said it all, “Tyson Disqualified After Ripping Piece of Holyfield’s Ear.” Needless to say (but we will anyway), Evander Holyfield retained his World Boxing Association heavyweight championship after Mike Tyson was disqualified for biting Holyfield, not once, but twice. The Nevada Athletic Commission revoked Mike Tyson’s boxing license for a year and fined him $3 million.
  • 2000 --- The U.S. Supreme Court declared that a Nebraska law that outlawed "partial birth abortions" was unconstitutional. About 30 U.S. states had similar laws at the time of the ruling.
  • 2000 --- Six-year-old Elián González returned to Cuba from the U.S. with his father. The child had been the center of an international custody dispute.
  • 2001 --- Slobodan Milosevic was taken into custody and was handed over to the U.N. war crimes tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands. The indictment charged Milosevic and four other senior officials, with crimes against humanity and violations of the laws and customs of war in Kosovo.
  • 2004 --- The Supreme Court ruled that enemy combatants can challenge their detention in U.S. courts.
  • 2007 --- The American bald eagle was removed from the endangered species list.
  • 2010 --- The Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that Americans have the right to own a gun for self-defense anywhere they live.
  • Birthdays
  • Mel Brooks
  • Gilda Radner
  • Peter Paul Rubens
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Noriyuki 'Pat' Morita
  • Richard Rodgers
  • Leon Panetta
  • Sen Carl Levin
  • John Byber
  • Kathy Bates
  • Jessica Hecht
  • John Cusack
  • Mary Stuart Masterson
  • Henry VIII
  • John Dillinger
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