KALW Almanac ~ Monday June 19, 2017

Jun 19, 2017

 Today Monday, 19th of June of 2017 is the 170th day of the year.  There are 195 days remaining until the end of the year.  505 days until Congressional Elections on Tuesday November 6, 2018 (1 year 4 months and 18 days from today).  1233 days until the next scheduled Presidential Election, Tuesday November 3, 2020 (3 years 4 months and 15 days from today).  The sun will rise in San Francisco at 5:48 am and sunset will be at 8:35 pm. 

Today we will have 14 hours and 47 minutes of daylight.

The solar transit will be at 1:12 pm.

The first low tide was at 2:11 am 

and the next low tide will be at 1:40 pm. 

The first high tide will be at 8:24 am 

and the next high tide at 8:28 pm.

The Moon is 28.3% illuminated; a Waning Crescent moon

Moon Direction: ↑ 108.02° ESE

Moon Altitude: 29.08°

Moon Distance: 230089 mi

Next New Moon: Jun 23, 2017 at 7:30 pm

Next Full Moon: Jul 8, 2017 at 9:06 pm

Next Moonset: Today at 3:38 pm

Garfield the Cat Day

Juneteenth

National Eat an Oreo Day

National Martini DayAlso known as National Dry Martini Day

National Pets in Film Day

Ride to Work DayAlso known as Ride Motorcycles to Work Day

Today is also...

Day of the Independent Hungary

Feast of Forest on Palawan island in Malaysia

Labour Day in Trinidad and Tobago

Laguna Day (Laguna)

Never Again Day in Uruguay

Surigao del Norte Day (Surigao del Norte)

Surigao del Sur Day (Surigao del Sur)

World Sickle Cell Day

World Sauntering Day

If today is your birthday, Happy Birthday To You!  You share this special day with…

1623 – Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist and religious philosopher

1881 – James J. Walker, American politician; mayor of New York City (1925-32)

1896 – Wallis Simpson, American wife of Edward VIII (d. 1986)

1897 – Moe Howard, American comedian (d. 1975)

1902 – Guy Lombardo, Canadian-American violinist and bandleader (d. 1977)

1903 – Lou Gehrig, the New York Yankees first baseman from 1925 to 1939. (d. 1941)

1914 – Alan Cranston, American journalist and politician (d. 2000)

1914 – Lester Flatt, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1979)

1917 – Joshua Nkomo, Zimbabwean guerrilla leader and politician, Vice President of Zimbabwe (d. 1999)

1919 – Pauline Kael, American film critic (d. 2001)

1928 – Tommy DeVito, American singer and guitarist (The Four Seasons)

1928 – Nancy Marchand, American actress (d. 2000)

1945 – Radovan Karadžić, Serbian-Bosnian politician and convicted war criminal, 1st President of Republika Srpska

1945 – Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, Nobel Prize laureate

1945 – Tobias Wolff, American short story writer, memoirist, and novelist

1947 – Salman Rushdie, Indian-English novelist and essayist

1948 – Nick Drake, English singer-songwriter (d. 1974)

1948 – Phylicia Rashad, American actress

1950 – Ann Wilson, American singer-songwriter and musician

1951 – Patty Larkin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

1962 – Paula Abdul, American singer-songwriter, dancer, actress, and presenter

1963 – Laura Ingraham, American radio host and author

1964 – Boris Johnson, British journalist and politician, Mayor of London

1970 – Rahul Gandhi, Indian lawyer and politician

1978 – Zoe Saldana, American actress

1983 – Macklemore, American rapper

1992 – Oscar Taveras, Dominican-Canadian baseball player (d. 2014)

On this day in history…

1586 – English colonists leave Roanoke Island, after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in North America.

1846 – The first officially recorded, organized baseball game is played under Alexander Cartwright's rules on Hoboken, New Jersey's Elysian Fields with the New York Base Ball Club defeating the Knickerbockers 23–1. Cartwright umpired.

1862 – The U.S. Congress prohibits slavery in United States territories, nullifying Dred Scott v. Sandford.

1865 – Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas, United States, are finally informed of their freedom. The anniversary is still officially celebrated in Texas and 41 other contiguous states as Juneteenth.

Although Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation went into effect on January 1, 1863, it was not until after the war was over that slaves became free in Texas, possibly because the Proclamation could not be enforced there, or because news of the Proclamation had not been spread there. The war ended in April of 1865, but word did not reach Texas until the following month, and it was not until June that the Confederate Army in the area surrendered. On June 19th, Union General Gordon Granger read “General Order No. 3” in Galveston, which said all slaves were free. The next year freed slaves began celebrating not only the proclamation, but the freeing of all slaves in general, and gave the day the name Juneteenth. Over time the celebrations spread to other parts of the country. During the Great Migrations after World War I and World War II, when large amounts of African Americans moved north, they brought Juneteenth traditions with them. Although this helped spread the holiday, in some cases it made it harder for people to celebrate, as it was harder to take time off from work during the week at urban factory jobs than farm jobs. Juneteenth celebrations also were given a boost after the 1968 Poor People’s March, when returning attendees brought the tradition back to their communities. By the 1980’s and 1990’s, Juneteenth celebrations were prevalent all around the country, and almost all states now recognize the day in some way. Although, as of 2017, it has not been recognized as a federal holiday.

1910 – The first Father's Day is celebrated in Spokane, Washington.

1961 – The Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state officeholders to profess a belief in God.

1917 – During World War I, King George V changed the British royal family's German-sounding surname, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, to Windsor.

1934 – The Communications Act of 1934 establishes the United States' Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

1949 – The first ever NASCAR race was held at Charlotte Motor Speedway.

1953 – Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are executed at Sing Sing, in New York.

1964 – The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is approved after surviving an 83-day filibuster in the United States Senate.

1965 – Nguyễn Cao Kỳ becomes Prime Minister of South Vietnam at the head of a military junta; General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu becomes the figurehead chief of state.

1978 – Garfield, holder of the Guinness World Record for the world's most widely syndicated comic strip, makes its debut.

1987 – The Supreme Court struck down a Louisiana law requiring any public school teaching the theory of evolution to teach creation science as well.

1990 – The current international law defending indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989, is ratified for the first time by Norway.

1991 – The Soviet occupation of Hungary ends.

1999 – Britain's Prince Edward married commoner Sophie Rhys-Jones in Windsor, England.

2000 – The Supreme Court, in a 6-3 ruling, barred officials from letting students lead stadium crowds in prayer before football games.

2008 – Democrat Barack Obama announced he would bypass public financing for the presidential election, even though Republican John McCain was accepting it.

2012 – WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange requested asylum in London's Ecuadorian Embassy for fear of extradition to the US after publication of previously classified documents including footage of civilian killings by the US army.