KALW Daily Almanac: March 13, 2017

Mar 13, 2017

Today is Monday March 13, 2017 The 72nd day of 2017-- 293 left Sunrise this morning 7:21 a.m. set: 7:15 p.m. 11:54 hours of daylight Moonrise: 8:35 p.m. set:8:09 a.m. . SPECIAL CELEBRATIONS TODAY: Today is :Donald Duck Day, Earmuffs Day, Fill our staplers Day, K9 Veteran Day, L. Ron Hubbard Day, Napping Day, Smart and Sexy Day.

This day in History: 0483 - St. Felix III began his reign as Pope. 0607 - The 12th recorded passage of Halley's Comet occurred. 1519 - Cortez landed in Mexico. 1639 - Harvard University was named for clergyman John Harvard. 1660 - A statute was passed limiting the sale of slaves in the colony of Virginia. 1777 - The U.S. Congress ordered its European envoys to appeal to high-ranking foreign officers to send troops to reinforce the American army. 1781 - Sir William Herschel discovered the planet Uranus. 1852 - The New York "Lantern" newspaper published the first "Uncle Sam cartoon". It was drawn by Frank Henry Bellew. 1865 - Jefferson Davis signed a bill authorizing slaves to be used as soldiers for the Confederacy. 1868 - The U.S. Senate began the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson. 1877 - Chester Greenwood patented the earmuff. 1878 - The first collegiate golf match was played between Oxford and Cambridge. 1884 - Standard time was adopted throughout the U.S. 1900 - In South Africa, British Gen. Roberts took Bloemfontein. 1901 - Andrew Carnegie announced that he was retiring from business and that he would spend the rest of his days giving away his fortune. His net worth was estimated at $300 million. 1902 - In Poland, schools were shut down across the country when students refused to sing the Russian hymn "God Protect the Czar." 1902 - Andrew Carnegie approved 40 applications from libraries for donations. 1908 - The people of Jerusalem saw an automobile for the first time. The owner was Charles Glidden of Boston. 1911 - The U.S. Supreme Court approved corporate tax law. 1915 - The Germans repelled a British expeditionary force attack in France. 1918 - Women were scheduled to march in the St. Patrick's Day Parade in New York due to a shortage of men due to wartime. 1925 - A law in Tennessee prohibited the teaching of evolution. 1930 - It was announced that the planet Pluto had been discovered by scientist Clyde Tombaugh at the Lowell Observatory. 1933 - U.S. banks began to re-open after a "holiday" that had been declared by President Roosevelt. 1935 - Three-thousand-year-old archives were found in Jerusalem confirming some biblical history. 1940 - The war between Russia and Finland ended with the signing of a treaty in Moscow. 1941 - Adolf Hitler issued an edict calling for an invasion of the U.S.S.R. 1942 - Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps became the first woman colonel in the U.S. Army. 1943 - Japanese forces ended their attack on the American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville. 1946 - Reports from Iran indicated that Soviet tanks units were stationed 20 miles from Tehran. 1946 - Premier Tito seized wartime collaborator General Draja Mikhailovich in a cave in Yugoslavia. 1951 - Israel demanded $1.5 billion in German reparations for the cost of caring for war refugees. 1951 - The comic strip "Dennis the Menace" appeared for the first time in newspapers across the country. 1957 - Jimmy Hoffa was arrested by the FBI on bribery charges. 1963 - China invited Soviet President Khrushchev to visit Peking. 1969 - The Apollo 9 astronauts returned to Earth after the conclusion of a mission that included the successful testing of the Lunar Module. 1970 - Cambodia ordered Hanoi and Viet Cong troops to leave. 1970 - Digital Equipment Corp. introduced the PDP-11 minicomputer. 1972 - "The Merv Griffin Show" debuted in syndication for Metromedia Television. 1974 - The U.S. Senate voted 54-33 to restore the death penalty. 1974 - An embargo imposed by Arab oil-producing countries was lifted. 1980 - A jury in Winamac, IN, found Ford Motor Company innocent of reckless homicide in the deaths of three young women that had been riding in a Ford Pinto. 1988 - The board of trustees off Gallaudet University in Washington, DC, chose I. King Jordan to be its first deaf president. The college is a liberal arts college for the hearing-impaired. 1990 - The U.S. lifted economic sanctions against Nicaragua. 1991 - Exxon paid $1 billion in fines and for the clean-up of the Alaskan oil spill. 1995 - The first United Nations World Summit on Social Development concluded in Copenhagen, Denmark. 1997 - Sister Nirmala was chosen by India's Missionaries of Charity to succeed Mother Teresa as leader of the Catholic order. 2002 - Fox aired "Celebrity Boxing." Tonya Harding beat Paula Jones, Danny Banaduce beat Barry Williams and Todd Bridges defeated Vanilla Ice. 2003 - Japan sent a destroyer to the Sea of Japan amid reports that North Korea was planning to test an intermediate-range ballistic missile. 2003 - A report in the journal "Nature" reported that scientists had found 350,000-year-old human footprints in Italy. The 56 prints were made by three early, upright-walking humans that were descending the side of a volcano. 2006 - In New York, the official start of construction of the National September 11 Memorial & Museum began. 2012 - After 244 years of publication, Encyclopædia Britannica announced it would discontinue its print edition If today is your Birthday you share it with: Joseph Priestley 1733 Charles Earl Grey 1764 Lorenzo Delmonico 1813 Percival Lowell 1855 Helen Sinclair Glatz 1908 Sammy Kaye 1910 L. Ron Hubbard 1911 William Casey 1913 Robert Haggart (Bob Haggart) 1914 - Musician (The World's Greatest Jazz Band, Bob Crosby Band) Ina Ray Hutton 1916 Tessie O'Shea 1918 Roy Haynes 1926 - Jazz drummer Jan Howard 1930 - Country singer Peter Breck 1930 Rosalind Elias 1931 - Opera singer Mike Stoller 1933 - Songwriter Dick Katz 1934 Neil Sedaka 1939 - Singer, songwriter Robin Duke 1944 - Comedian Donald York 1949 - Musician (Sha Na Na) William H. Macy 1950 - Actor Fred Berry 1951 Deborah Raffin 1953 Dana Delany 1956 - Actress ("China Beach") Glenne Headly 1957 Adam Clayton 1960 - Musician (U2) Terence Blanchard 1962 - Jazz trumpeter Christopher Collet 1968 - Actor Tracey Wells 1971 - Actress Annabeth Gish 1971 - Actress Common 1972 - Rapper Trent Dilfer 1972 - Football player Khujo 1972 - Rapper (Goodie Mob) Glenn Lewis 1975 - Singer Danny Masterson 1976 - Actor ("That 70's Show") Johan Santana 1979 - Baseball player Emile Hirsch 1985 - Actor Natalie Albino 1986 Singer (Nina Sky) Tags: almanac