Monday April 29, 2013

Apr 29, 2013

1429
1429

  • 119th Day of 2013 / 246 Remaining
  • 53 Days Until The First Day of Summer
  • Sunrise:6:14
  • Sunset:7:59
  • 13 Hours 45 Minutes of Daylight
  • Moon Rise:12:26am(Tuesday)
  • Moon Set:9:45am
  • Moon’s Phase:79 %
  • The Next Full Moon
  • May 24 @ 9:27pm
  • Full Flower Moon
  • Full Corn Planting Moon
  • Full Milk Moon
  • In most areas, flowers are abundant everywhere during this time. Thus, the name of this Moon. Other names include the Full Corn Planting Moon, or the Milk Moon.
  • Tides
  • High:1:28am/3:31pm
  • Low:8:24am/8:30
  • Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
  • This Year:16.32
  • Last Year:15.62
  • Normal To Date:22.92
  • Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
  • Holidays
  • National Shrimp Scampi Day
  • National Arbor Day
  • National Dream Hotline
  • National Hairball Awareness Day
  • Cheng Cheng Kung Landing Day-Taiwan
  • Showa Day-Japan
  • Cassé Canari ou Wèt mô nan d'lo-Haiti
  • 9th Day Of Ridvan-Baha’i
  • On This Day In …
  • 1429 --- During the Hundred Years' War, the 17-year-old French peasant Joan of Arc leads a French force in relieving the city of Orleans, besieged by the English since October. At the age of 16, "voices" of Christian saints told Joan to aid Charles, the French dauphin, in gaining the French throne and expelling the English from France. Convinced of the validity of her divine mission, Charles furnished Joan with a small force of troops. She led her troops to Orleans, and on April 29, as a French sortie distracted the English troops on the west side of the city, Joan entered unopposed by its eastern gate. Bringing needed supplies and troops into the besieged city, she also inspired the French to a passionate resistance and through the next week led the charge during a number of skirmishes and battles. On one occasion, she was even hit by an arrow, but after dressing her wounds she returned to the battle. On May 8, the siege of Orleans was broken, and the English retreated. During the next five weeks, Joan led French forces into a number of stunning victories over the English, and Reims, the traditional city of coronation, was captured in July. Later that month, Charles VII was crowned king of France, with Joan of Arc kneeling at his feet.
  • 1813 --- Rubber was patented by J.F. Hummel.
  • 1852 --- The first edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus was published.
  • 1854 --- By an act of the Pennsylvania legislature, Ashmun Institute, the first college founded solely for African-American students, is officially chartered. Established in the rolling farmlands of southern Chester County, Pennsylvania, Ashmun Institute was named after Jehudi Ashmun, the U.S. agent who helped reorganize and preserve the struggling African-American colony in Africa that later grew into the independent nation of Liberia. The Ashmun Institute, chartered to give theological, classical, and scientific training to African Americans, opened on January 1, 1857, and John Pym Carter served as the college's first president. In 1866, the institution was renamed Lincoln University.
  • 1913 --- Gideon Sundback patented an all-purpose zipper.
  • 1916 --- The Easter uprising in Dublin collapsed as Irish nationalists surrendered to British authorities.
  • 1927 --- Construction of the Spirit of St. Louis was completed for Charles Lindbergh.
  • 1960 --- Dick Clark told a House of Representatives

    investigating committee looking into the payola scandal that he, the host of American Bandstand, never took payola for records featured on his daily TV show. Clark would, however, relinquish rights to music publishing that he owned. The value of those rights, Clark indicated 30 years later, amounted to about $80 million.

  • 1961 --- “Spanning the globe ... to bring you the constant variety of sport, the thrill of victory and the agony of defeat, the human drama of athletic competition. This is ABC’s Wide World of Sports.” A Saturday afternoon sports program began its long run on ABC-TV. The show, featuring Jim McKay as host, along with Howard Cosell, Frank Gifford, Al Michaels, Jack Whitaker, Heywood Hale Brun and others, was not an immediate hit. Although Roone Arledge’s vision of a worldwide window on televised sports got off to a slow start, ABC’s Wide World of Sports became one of TV’s most popular and enduring programs.

  • 1967 --- Aretha Franklin's "Respect" was released.
  • 1968 --- Hair made its way from Greenwich Village to to the Biltmore Theatre on Broadway. The show certainly opened eyes. It was the first time that actors appeared nude in a Broadway musical. Hair ran for 1,844 shows on and off Broadway. It was even more successful in its London run later. Big songs from the show: Hair (The Cowsills) and Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The 5th Dimension).

  • 1974 --- President Richard Nixon announces to the public that he will release transcripts of 46 taped White House conversations in response to a Watergate trial subpoena issued in July 1973. The House Judiciary committee accepted 1,200 pages of transcripts the next day, but insisted that the tapes themselves be turned over as well. In his announcement, Nixon took elaborate pains to explain to the public his reluctance to comply with the subpoena, and the nature of the content he planned to release. He cited his right to executive privilege to protect state secrets and stated that the transcripts were edited by him and his advisors to omit anything "irrelevant" to the Watergate investigation or critical to national security. He invited committee members to review the actual tapes to determine whether or not the president had omitted incriminating evidence in the transcripts. "I want there to be no question remaining," Nixon insisted, "about the fact that the President has nothing to hide in this matter" and "I made clear there was to be no cover up."

  • 1976 --- Bruce Springsteen climbed the wall of Graceland to meet Elvis Presley.
  • 1981 --- Steve Carlton, the Philadelphia Phillies pitcher, became the first left hander in the major leagues to get 3,000 career strikeouts. He fanned Montreal’s Tim Wallach in the first inning of a game that saw the Phillies beat the Expos 6-2. Carlton was only the sixth major leaguer to strikeout 3,000 batters.
  • 1992 --- A jury of 10 whites, one Hispanic, and one Filipina in the Los Angeles suburb of Simi Valley acquits four police officers who had been charged with using excessive force in arresting black motorist Rodney King a year earlier. The announcement of the verdict, which enraged the black community, prompted widespread rioting throughout much of the sprawling city. It wasn't until three days later that the arson and looting finally ended. Immediately after the verdict was announced that afternoon, protestors took to the streets, engaging in random acts of violence. At the corner of Florence and Normandie streets, Reginald Denny, a white truck driver, was dragged from his truck and severely beaten by several angry rioters. A helicopter crew caught the incident on camera and broadcast it live on local television. Viewers saw first-hand that the police, woefully unprepared, were unwilling—or unable—to enforce the law in certain neighborhoods of the city. As it became evident that breaking the law in much of South Central Los Angeles would yield little, if any, consequences, opportunistic rioters came out in full force on the night of April 29, burning retail establishments all over the area. Police still had no control of the situation the following day. Thousands of people packed the streets and began looting stores. Korean-owned businesses were targeted in particular. For most, the looting was simply a crime of opportunity rather than any political expression. The acquitted police officers were later convicted of violating Rodney King's civil rights in a federal court trial. Reginald Denny's attackers were identified through the helicopter videotape, arrested, and convicted of assault and battery. However, the jury declined to convict on attempted murder charges, apparently due to the defense's argument that the defendants had only fallen prey to uncontrollable mob rage.
  • 1994 --- Israel and the PLO signed an agreement in Paris which granted Palestinians broad authority to set taxes, control trade and regulate banks under self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
  • 2004 --- The last Oldsmobile comes off the assembly line at the Lansing Car Assembly plant in Michigan, signaling the end of the 106-year-old automotive brand, America's oldest. Factory workers signed the last Oldsmobile, an Alero sedan, before the vehicle was moved to Lansing's R.E. Olds Transportation Museum, where it went on display. The last 500 Aleros ever manufactured featured "Final 500" emblems and were painted dark metallic cherry red.
  • Birthdays
  • Duke Ellington
  • Celeste Holm
  • Dale Earnhardt
  • Emperor Hirohito
  • Uma Thurman
  • Jerry Seinfeld
  • Rod McKuen
  • Otis Rush
  • Zubin Mehta
  • Tommy James
  • Daniel Day-Lewis
  • Mishelle Pfeiffer
  • Eve Plumb
  • Carnie Wilson
  • Andre Agassi
  • William Randolph Hearst
  • Lonnie Donegan
  • Tammi Terrell
  • Kate Mulgrew