6:14am

Mon July 14, 2014
KALW Almanac

Monday July 14, 2014

1911
1911

  • 195th Day of 2014 / 170 Remaining
  • Autumn Begins in 70 Days
  • Sunrise:5:59
  • Sunset:8:31
  • 14 Hours 32 Minutes of Daylight
  • Moon Rise:10:09pm
  • Moon Set: 8:45am
  • Moon Phase: 92%
  • Full Moon
  • July 12 @ 4:26 am
  • Full Buck Moon
  • Full Thunder Moon
  • Full Hay Moon  

July is normally the month when the new antlers of buck deer push out of their foreheads in coatings of velvety fur. It was also named for the thunderstorms that are most common during this time. And in some areas it was called the Full Hay Moon.

  • Tides
  • High:12:12am/1:46pm
  • Low:6:55am/7:08pm
  • Holidays
  • National Grand Marnier Day
  • Bastille Day-France
  • Emmeline Pankhurst Day-United Kingdom
  • Fandoana Bathing Festival-Madagascar
  • Turkment Bakshi Holiday-Turkmenistan
  • On This Day In …
  • 1009 --- During the First Crusade, Christian knights from Europe capture Jerusalem after seven weeks of siege and begin massacring the city's Muslim and Jewish population. Beginning in the 11th  century, Christians in Jerusalem were increasingly persecuted by the city's Islamic rulers, especially when control of the holy city passed from the relatively tolerant Egyptians to the Seljuk Turks in 1071. Late in the century, Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comenus, also threatened by the Seljuk Turks, appealed to the West for aid. In  1095, Pope Urban II publicly called for a crusade to aid Eastern Christians and recover the holy lands. The response by Western Europeans was immediate.
  • 1430 --- Joan of Arc, taken prisoner by the Burgundians in May, was handed over to Pierre Cauchon, the bishop of Beauvais.
  • 1789 --- Parisian revolutionaries and mutinous troops storm and dismantle the Bastille, a royal fortress that had come to symbolize the tyranny of the Bourbon monarchs. This dramatic action signaled the beginning of the French Revolution, a decade of political turmoil and terror in which King Louis XVI was overthrown and tens of thousands of people, including the king and his wife Marie  Antoinette, were executed. The Bastille was originally constructed in 1370 as a bastide, or "fortification," to protect the walled city of Paris from English attack. It was later made into an independent stronghold, and its name--bastide--was corrupted to Bastille. The Bastille was first used as a state prison in the 17th century, and its cells were reserved for upper-class felons, political troublemakers, and spies. Most prisoners there were imprisoned without a trial under direct orders of the king. Standing 100 feet tall and surrounded by a moat more than 80 feet wide, the Bastille was an imposing structure in the Parisian landscape. By the summer of 1789, France was moving quickly toward revolution. There were severe food shortages in France that year, and popular resentment against the rule of King Louis XVI was turning to fury. In June, the  Third Estate, which represented commoners and the lower clergy, declared itself the National Assembly and called for the drafting of a constitution. Initially seeming to yield, Louis legalized the National Assembly but then surrounded Paris with troops and dismissed Jacques Necker, a popular minister of state who had supported reforms. In response, mobs began rioting in Paris at the instigation of revolutionary leaders. On July 13, revolutionaries with muskets began firing at soldiers standing guard on the Bastille's towers and then took cover in the Bastille's courtyard when Launay's men fired back. That evening, mobs stormed the Paris Arsenal and another armory and acquired thousands of muskets. At dawn on July 14, a great crowd armed with muskets, swords, and various makeshift weapons began to gather around the Bastille. The capture of the Bastille symbolized the end of the ancien regime and provided the French revolutionary cause with an irresistible momentum. Joined by four-fifths of the French army, the revolutionaries seized control of Paris and then the French countryside, forcing King Louis XVI to accept a constitutional government. In 1792, the monarchy was abolished and Louis and his wife Marie-Antoinette were sent to the guillotine for treason in 1793.
  • 1798 --- Congress passed the Sedition Act, making it a federal crime to publish false, scandalous or malicious writing about the U.S. government.
  • 1850 --- The first demonstration of a refrigerated ice-making machine. Dr. John Gorrie received a patent for the machine on May 6, 1851. 
  • 1881 --- Sheriff Pat Garrett shoots Billy the Kid, to death at the Maxwell Ranch in New Mexico. Garrett, who had been tracking the  Kid for three months after the gunslinger had escaped from prison only days before his scheduled execution, got a tip that Billy was holed up with friends. While Billy was gone, Garrett waited in the dark in his bedroom. When Billy entered, Garrett shot him to death.
  • 1911 --- For the first time, a pilot flew an airplane onto the lawn of the White House! Harry N. Atwood flew in to accept an award from President William Taft. There wasn’t a National Airport at the time, you see. Today, if you land a plane on the White House lawn, you do so at your own risk. If you don’t get shot out of the sky first, you’ll probably receive a hail of bullets from the Secret Service as a welcoming salute. It’s not that people don’t keep trying. In 1994, a small plane crashed on the lawn and slammed into the White House, killing the pilot.
  • 1921 --- Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were convicted in Dedham, Mass., of killing a shoe company paymaster and his guard. (They were executed in 1927.)
  • 1946 ---  Dr. Benjamin Spock’s Baby and Child Care was first published. The book quickly became one of the most widely-discussed books ever published -- and one of the most widely sold.
  • 1951 --- The George Washington Carver National Monument in Joplin, MO, became the first national park to honor an African American. 
  • 1965 --- The space probe Mariner 4 flew by Mars, sending back photographs of the planet.
  • 1967 --- The Who began their first full-scale U.S. tour as the opening act for Herman's Hermits. 
  • 1968 --- Atlanta Braves slugger Henry "Hank" Aaron hits the 500th home run of his career in a 4-2 win over the Giants.   
  • 1981 --- The All-Star Game was postponed because of a 33-day-old baseball players strike. Still, some 15,000 fans showed up to boo the players and to see an imaginary game! The 52nd All-Star classic was not held until August 9th in Cleveland Municipal Stadium.
  • 1993 --- The U.S. Postal Service released 29-cent stamps that honored four Broadway musicals. The featured scenes were from "My Fair Lady," "Porgy and Bess," "Show Boat" and "Oklahoma!" 
  • 1995 --- Representatives of the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) were not in attendance at the 1995 christening of the infant technology that would shake their business model to its core just a few years later. Known formally as "MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3," the technology in question was an efficient new format for the encoding of high-quality digital audio using a highly efficient data-compression algorithm. In other words, it was a way to make CD-quality music files small enough to be stored in bulk on the average computer and transferred manageably across the Internet. Released to the pubic one week earlier, the brand-new MP3 format was given its name and its familiar ".mp3" file extension.
  • 1999 --- Race-based school busing in Boston ended after 25 years.
  • 1999 --- Major league baseball umpires voted to resign and not work the final month of the season.
  • 2010 --- The BBC reported that Bob Geldof's global Live Aid concert was being made into a TV film entitled "When Harvey met Bob."
  • Birthdays
  • Woody Guthrie
  • Jane Lynch
  • Emmeline Pankhurst
  • Gustav Klimt
  • James McNeill Whistler
  • Gerald R Ford (38th President)
  • Misy Gold
  • Tim Hudson
  • Harry Dean Stanton
  • Spencer Davis
  • Ingmar Bergman
  • Phyllis Fratus
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