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Monday July 22, 2013
- 203rd Day of 2013 / 162 Remaining
- 62 Days Until The First Day of Autumn
- 14 Hours 21 Minutes of Daylight
- Moon Rise:8:18pm
- Moon Set:6:07am
- Full Moon @ 11:16am
- Full Buck Moon
- Full Thunder Moon
- Full Hay Moon
July is normally the month when the new antlers of buck deer push out of their foreheads in coatings of velvety fur. It was also often called the Full Thunder Moon, for the reason that thunderstorms are most frequent during this time. Another name for this month’s Moon was the Full Hay Moon.
- Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
- Normal To Date:0.0
- This Year:0.0
- Last Year:0.01
- Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
- National Penuche Day
- Pied Piper Day
- Rat Catcher's Day
- Spooner's Day
- Liberation Day-Gambia
- People’s Uprising Day-Slovenia
- National Tree Planting Day-Central African Republic
- On This Day In …
- 1376 --- According to legend, the Pied Piper got rid of all the rats in the German town of Hamelin. When the townspeople refused to pay,
the Pied Piper led all the towns children away. This is the date given by Richard Rowland Verstegan in 1605 - the earliest version in English. In 'The Anatomy of Melancholy' (1621) Robert Burton gives the date as June 20, 1484. Other dates range back to 1284 AD.
- 1587 --- A second English colony, also fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances, was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.
- 1598 --- William Shakespeare's play The Merchant of Venice is entered on the Stationers' Register. By decree of Queen Elizabeth, the Stationers' Register licensed printed works, giving the Crown tight control over all published material. Although its entry on the register licensed the printing of The Merchant of Venice, its first version would not be published for another two years. The publication of Shakespeare's plays was a haphazard matter. Playwrights at the time were not interested in publication: They sold their plays to theater companies, which tried to prevent rivals from literally stealing the show. The writer produced only one complete written script for a play, and the players received only their own lines and cues, not the entire play. Sometimes, however, disgruntled actors would prepare their own version of the play from notes cribbed during performances. Among other plays, there are pirated versions, or "bad quartos," for Henry VI and Hamlet. Scholars believe, however, that the first printing, in 1600, of The Merchant of Venice came from a clean manuscript of the complete play. During his lifetime, no authorized versions of Shakespeare's plays were printed. However, his sonnets were published in 1609, seven years before his death.
- 1796 --- Cleveland was founded by Gen. Moses Cleaveland.
- 1862 --- President Abraham Lincoln informs his chief advisors and cabinet that he will issue a proclamation to free slaves, but adds that he will wait until the Union Army has achieved a substantial military victory to make the announcement.
- 1916 --- A bomb at a Preparedness Day parade on Market Street kills 10 people and wounds 40. The bomb was hidden in a suitcase. The parade was organized by the city's Chamber of Commerce in support of America's possible entrance into World War I. San
Francisco was suffering through severe labor strife at the time, and many suspected that anti-war labor radicals were responsible for the terrorist attack. Labor leader Tom Mooney, his wife Rena, his assistant Warren K. Billings, and two others were soon charged by District Attorney Charles Fickert with the bombing. The case attracted international interest because all evidence, with the exception of a handful of questionable witness accounts, seemed to point unquestionably to their innocence. Even after confessions of perjured testimony were made in the courtroom, the trial continued, and in 1917 Mooney and Billings were convicted of first-degree murder, with Billings sentenced to life imprisonment and Mooney sentenced to hang. The other three defendants were acquitted. Responding to international outrage at the conviction, President Woodrow Wilson set up a "mediation commission" to investigate the case, and no clear evidence of their guilt was found. In 1918, Mooney's sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. During the next two decades, many groups and individuals petitioned California to grant the two men a new trial. By 1939, when evidence of perjury and false testimony at the trial had become overwhelming, newly elected Governor Culbert Olson pardoned Mooney and commuted Billing's sentence to time served. Billings was not officially pardoned until 1961.
- 1933 -- Caterina Jarboro became the first black prima donna of an opera company. She sang "Aida" at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City.
- 1933 --- Aviator Wiley Post ended his first around-the-world flight on this day. Post traveled 15,596 miles in just over a week (7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes). His famous plane was called the Winnie Mae.
- 1934 --- Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, notorious criminal John Dillinger--America's "Public Enemy No. 1"--is killed in a hail of
bullets fired by federal agents. In a fiery bank-robbing career that lasted just over a year, Dillinger and his associates robbed 11 banks for more than $300,000, broke jail and narrowly escaped capture multiple times, and killed seven police officers and three federal agents.
- 1937 --- The Senate rejected President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court.
- 1955 --- U.S. Vice-President Richard M. Nixon chaired a cabinet meeting in Washington, DC. It was the first time that a Vice-President had carried out the task.
- 1977 --- A suburban family man with an office job, Declan Patrick McManus was somewhat removed from the revolution being staged in late-night clubs in 1977 London by punk-rock pioneers like The Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. "All these bands were playing in the middle of the night," he later recounted "so I couldn't go. I was married with a son." Unlike most of the other wage-earners he rode the tube with, however, Declan McManus was about to become a star himself, though not under his given name. After three years living in London and trying to balance his day job with his musical ambitions, the man now known as Elvis Costello finally made his breakthrough with the release of his debut album, My Aim Is True. Costello wasn't really part of the punk scene he came out of, but the anger and attitude that defined Costello's far more
sophisticated songwriting definitely reflected his sympathy with the punk movement. Costello wrote nearly all of the songs that would make up My Aim Is True during the first half of 1977, while playing live gigs and squeezing in recording sessions with producer Nick Lowe around his day job. From its appropriately titled first track, "Welcome To The Working Week," to the now-classic "Alison," "Less Than Zero" and "(The Angels Wanna Wear My) Red Shoes," My Aim Is True announced the arrival of a truly unique new talent.
- 1979 --- Little Richard, known as Reverend Richard Penniman, spoke at a revival meeting in North Richmond, CA. He warned the congregation about the evils of rock & roll music.
- 1981 --- Turkish extremist Mehmet Ali Agca was sentenced in Rome to life in prison for shooting Pope John Paul II. (He served 19 years.)
- 2000 --- Astronomers at the University of Arizona announced that they had found a 17th moon orbiting Jupiter.
- 2002 --- Over the strenuous opposition of the United Auto Workers (UAW) and the auto industry, Governor Gray Davis of California signs a stringent law regulating emissions from automobiles.
- 2004 --- The September 11 commission's final report was released. The 575-page report concluded that hijackers exploited "deep institutional failings within our government." The report was released to White House officials the day before.
- 2009 --- The longest total solar eclipse of the 21st century, lasting up to 6 minutes and 38.8 seconds, occurred over parts of Asia and the Pacific Ocean.
- Emma Lazarus
- Stephen Vincent Benet
- Alexander Calder
- Edward Hopper
- Louise Fletcher
- George Clinton
- Danny Glover
- Willem Dafoe
- Sen Bob Dole
- Orson Bean
- Oscar de la Renta
- Terence Stamp
- Alex Trebek
- Sen Kay Bailey Hutchinson
- Bobby Sherman
- Albert Brooks
- Al DiMeola
- Emily Saliers
- John Leguizamo
- Rufus Wainwright
- Selena Gomez
- Gustav Hertz
- Amy Vanderbilt
- Rose Kennedy
- Don Henley