4:43am

Mon June 10, 2013
KALW Almanac

Monday June 10, 2013

1752

  • 161st Day of 2013 / 204 Remaining
  • 11 Days Until The First Day of Summer
  • Sunrise:5:47
  • Sunset:8:31
  • 14 Hours 43 Minutes of Daylight
  • Moon Rise: 7:39am
  • Moon Set: 10:04pm
  • Moon’s Phase: 4 %
  • The Next Full Moon
  • June 23 @ 4:33am
  • Full Strawberry Moon
  • Full Rose Moon

The Strawberry Moon was universal to every Algonquin tribe. However, in Europe they called it the Rose Moon. Also because the relatively short season for harvesting strawberries comes each year during the month of June . . . so the full Moon that occurs during that month was christened for the strawberry!

  • Tides
  • High: 1:57pm
  • Low: 6:47am/6:43pm
  • Holidays
  • National Black Cow Day
  • National Iced Tea Day
  • Army Day-Jordan
  • National Day-Portugal
  • On This Day In …
  • 1692 --- In Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Bridget Bishop, the first colonist to be tried in the Salem witch trials, is hanged after being found guilty of the practice of witchcraft. Trouble in the small Puritan community began in February 1692, when nine-year-old Elizabeth Parris and 11-year-old Abigail Williams, the daughter and niece, respectively, of the Reverend Samuel Parris, began experiencing fits and other mysterious maladies. A doctor concluded that the children were suffering from the effects of witchcraft, and the young girls corroborated the doctor's diagnosis. Under compulsion from the doctor and their parents, the girls named those allegedly responsible for their suffering. On March 1, Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba, an Indian slave from Barbados, became the first Salem residents to be charged with the capital crime of witchcraft. Later that day, Tituba confessed to the crime and subsequently aided the authorities in identifying more Salem witches. With encouragement from adults in the community, the girls, who were soon joined by other "afflicted" Salem residents, accused a widening circle of local residents of witchcraft, mostly middle-aged women but also several men and even one four-year-old child. During the next few months, the afflicted area residents incriminated more than 150 women and men from Salem Village and the surrounding areas of satanic practices. In June 1692, the special Court of Oyer and Terminer ["to hear and to decide"] convened in Salem under Chief Justice William Stoughton to judge the accused. The first to be tried was Bridget Bishop of Salem, who was accused of witchcraft by more individuals than any other defendant. Bishop, known around town for her dubious moral character, frequented taverns, dressed flamboyantly (by Puritan standards), and was married three times. She professed her innocence but was found guilty and executed by hanging on June 10. Thirteen more women and five men from all stations of life followed her to the gallows, and one man, Giles Corey, was executed by crushing. Most of those tried were condemned on the basis of the witnesses' behavior during the actual proceedings, characterized by fits and hallucinations that were argued to have been caused by the defendants on trial. In October 1692, Governor William Phipps of Massachusetts ordered the Court of Oyer and Terminer dissolved and replaced with the Superior Court of Judicature, which forbade the type of sensational testimony allowed in the earlier trials. Executions ceased, and the Superior Court eventually released all those awaiting trial and pardoned those sentenced to death. The Salem witch trials, which resulted in the executions of 19 innocent women and men, had effectively ended.
  • 1752 --- Benjamin Franklin flies a kite during a thunderstorm and collects a charge in a Leyden jar when the kite is struck by lightning, enabling him to demonstrate the electrical nature of lightning. Franklin became interested in electricity in the mid-1740s, a time when much was still unknown on the topic, and spent almost a decade conducting electrical experiments. He coined a number of terms used today, including battery, conductor and electrician. He also invented the lightning rod, used to protect buildings and ships.
  • 1776 --- The Continental Congress appointed a committee to write a Declaration of Independence.
  • 1801 --- The North African State of Tripoli declared war on the U.S. The dispute was over merchant vessels being able to travel safely through the Mediterranean.
  • 1806 --- The sport of harness racing was first covered in a newspaper in the U.S. in New York’s Commercial Advertiser. A pacer named Yankee won the mile at Harlem Race Track in New York. Yankee had the pace down correctly: simultaneously thrusting out the fore and hind legs on one side. We don’t know how many more races Yankee won, but the all-time high for pacer victories goes to Single G, a horse that won 262 races from 1918 through 1926. And Yankee wasn’t around to run in the Triple Crown of Pacers (which began in 1959): the Cane Pace (Yonkers Raceway, NY), the Little Brown Jug (Delaware County Fair, Delaware, OH) and the Messenger Stakes held at various locations.
  • 1865 --- Richard Wagner's "Tristan and Isolde" premiered in Munich, Germany
  • 1869 --- Frozen food was shipped long distance for the first time. Frozen Texas beef shipped by steamship to New Orleans.
  • 1881 --- Count Leo Tolstoy sets off on a pilgrimage to a monastery disguised as a peasant. Tolstoy had already produced his two greatest masterpieces War and Peace (1865-1869) and Anna Karenina (1875-1877). The Russian nobleman was engaged in a spiritual struggle and felt torn between his responsibility as a wealthy landlord to improve the lot of the people, and his desire to give up his property and wander the land as an ascetic. He had started giving away his possessions and declared that the public owned his works, but his wife, Sofya, worried about the financial stability of the couple's 13 children, gained control of the copyrights for all his work published before 1880.
  • 1902 --- The "outlook" or "see-through" envelope was patented by Americus F. Callahan.
  • 1916 --- Mecca, under control of the Turks, fell to the Arabs during the Great Arab Revolt.
  • 1924 --- The first political convention on radio was presented by NBC. Graham McNamee provided coverage of the Republican National Convention from Cleveland, OH. McNamee was one of the great sports broadcasters of radio’s Golden Age.
  • 1935 --- In New York City, two recovering alcoholics, one a New York broker and the other an Ohio physician, found Alcoholics Anonymous (A.A.), a 12-step rehabilitation program that eventually helps countless people cope with alcoholism. Based on psychological techniques that have long been used in suppressing dangerous personality traits, members of the strictly anonymous organization control their addictions through guided group discussion and confession, reliance on a "higher power," and a gradual return to sobriety. The organization functions through local groups that have no formal rules besides anonymity, no officers, and no dues. Anyone with a drinking problem qualifies for membership. Today, there are more than 80,000 local groups in the United States, with an estimated membership of almost two million people. Other addiction support groups patterned on A.A. include Narcotics Anonymous and Gamblers Anonymous.
  • 1944 --- 15-year-old Joe Nuxhall becomes the youngest person ever to play Major League Baseball when he pitches in a game for the Cincinnati Reds. Nuxhall threw two-thirds of the ninth inning in an 18-0 loss to the St. Louis Cardinals; he was pulled only after one wild pitch and allowing five runs on five walks and two hits. The game was played during World War II, when it became common for adolescent and older players to fill in for big leaguers fighting overseas.
  • 1952 --- Mylar was registered as a DuPont trademark. Mylar is a very strong polyester film that has gradually replaced cellophane. It is used as a food wrap in addition to many other non-food uses.
  • 1963 --- President John F. Kennedy announces that the U.S. may cease atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons on this day in 1963. Before the day was out, he had also signed a bill prohibiting wage discrimination toward women and sent a telegram to Governor George Wallace of Alabama asking him not to prevent black students from registering at the University of Alabama.
  • 1966 --- The first use of reversed tape (in a popular tune) was heard in the song Rain (or niaR) by The Beatles. The tune was the ‘B’ side of Paperback Writer. The technique, which had been used by John Cage, Edgar Varese and others, was refined by John Lennon.
  • 1967 --- The Six-Day War ended as Israel and Syria agreed to observe a United Nations-mediated cease-fire.
  • 1980 --- In South Africa, the African National Congress (ANC) makes public a statement by Nelson Mandela, the long imprisoned leader of the anti-apartheid movement. The message, smuggled out of Robben Island prison under great risk, read, "UNITE! MOBILISE! FIGHT ON! BETWEEN THE ANVIL OF UNITED MASS ACTION AND THE HAMMER OF THE ARMED STRUGGLE WE SHALL CRUSH APARTHEID!"
  • 1985 --- A ‘Most Embarrassing Moment’: Coca Cola announced it was bringing back the old formula Coke, to replace the New Coke nobody wanted.
  • Birthdays
  • Judy Garland (Frances Gumm)
  • Hattie McDaniel
  • Howlin Wolf (Chester Burnett)
  • Maurice Sendak
  • Gov Bobby Jindal
  • Prince Phillip[
  • F Lee Bailey
  • Dan Fouts
  • Sen John Edwards
  • Eliot Spitzer
  • Kim Deal
  • Gina Gershon
  • Jeanne Tripplehorn
  • Elizabeth Hurley
  • Faith Evans
  • Tara Lipinski
  • Nat Hentoff
  • Kevin Burke
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