5:28am

Mon March 25, 2013
KALW Almanac

Monday March 25, 2013

1911

  • 84th Day of 2013 / 271 Remaining
  • 88 Days Until The First Day of Summer
  • Sunrise:7:03
  • Sunset:7:27
  • 12 Hours 24 Minutes of Daylight
  • Moon Rise:6:04pm
  • Moon Set:5:51am
  • Moon’s Phase:97 %
  • The Next Full Moon
  • March 27 @ 2:30am
  • Full Worm Moon
  • Full Crust Moon
  • Full Lenten Moon
  • Full Crow Moon
  • Full Sap Moon
  • As the temperature begins to warm and the ground begins to thaw, earthworm casts appear, heralding the return of the robins. The more northern tribes knew this Moon as the Full Crow Moon, when the cawing of crows signaled the end of winter; or the Full Crust Moon, because the snow cover becomes crusted from thawing by day and freezing at night. The Full Sap Moon, marking the time of tapping maple trees, is another variation. To the settlers, it was also known as the Lenten Moon, and was considered to be the last full Moon of winter.
  • Tides
  • High:10:13am/10:50pm
  • Low:4:13am/4:25pm
  • Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
  • This Year:14.73
  • Last Year:11.76
  • Normal To Date:20.93
  • Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
  • Holidays
  • Pecan Day
  • Schmeckfest
  • Maryland Day-Maryland
  • Tolkien Reading Day
  • National Lobster Newburg Day
  • Independence Day-Greece
  • Waffle Day-Sweden
  • Lady Day-United Kingdom
  • Passover-Judaism(begins at sundown)
  • On This Day In …
  • 0421 --- The city of Venice was founded.
  • 1306 --- Robert the Bruce was crowned king of Scotland.
  • 1634 --- The first colonists to Maryland arrive at St. Clement's Island on Maryland's western shore and found the settlement of St. Mary's. In 1632, King Charles I of England granted a charter to George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, yielding him proprietary rights to a region east of the Potomac River in exchange for a share of the income derived from the land.
  • 1669 --- Mount Etna in Sicily erupted destroying Nicolosi. 20,000 people were killed.
  • 1807 --- British Parliament abolished the slave trade.
  • 1821 --- Greece gained independence from Turkey.
  • 1867 --- The 2 mile long, 5 foot diameter Chicago Lake Tunnel was activated.  It was the first water supply tunnel for a U.S. city.
  • 1901 --- The Mercedes was introduced by Daimler at the five-day "Week of Nice" in Nice, France.
  • 1911 --- In one of the darkest moments of America's industrial history, the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory in New York City burns down, killing 145 workers, on this day in 1911. The tragedy led to the development of a series of laws and regulations that better protected the safety of factory workers. The Triangle factory, owned by Max Blanck and Isaac Harris, was located in the top three floors of the 10-story Asch Building in downtown Manhattan. It was a sweatshop in every sense of the word: a cramped space lined with work stations and packed with poor immigrant workers, mostly teenaged women who did not speak English. At the time of the fire, there were four elevators with access to the factory floors, but only one was fully operational and it could hold only 12 people at a time. There were two stairways down to the street, but one was locked from the outside to prevent theft by the workers and the other opened inward only. The fire escape, as all would come to see, was shoddily constructed, and could not support the weight of more than a few women at a time. There were 600 workers at the factory when a fire broke out in a rag bin on the eighth floor. The manager turned the fire hose on it, but the hose was rotted and its valve was rusted shut. Panic ensued as the workers fled to every exit. The elevator broke down after only four trips, and women began jumping down the shaft to their deaths. Those who fled down the wrong set of stairs were trapped inside and burned alive. Other women trapped on the eighth floor began jumping out the windows, which created a problem for the firefighters whose hoses were crushed by falling bodies. Also, the firefighters' ladders stretched only as high as the seventh floor, and their safety nets were not strong enough to catch the women, who were jumping three at a time. Blanck and Harris were on the building's top floor with some workers when the fire broke out. They were able to escape by climbing onto the roof and hopping to an adjoining building.
  • 1913 --- The home of vaudeville, the Palace Theatre, opened in New York City.
  • 1932 --- The Supreme Court hands down its decision in the case of Powell v. Alabama. The case arose out of the infamous Scottsboro case. Nine young black men were arrested and accused of raping two white women on train in Alabama. The boys were fortunate to barely escaped a lynch mob sent to kill them, but were railroaded into convictions and death sentences. The Supreme Court overturned the convictions on the basis that they did not have effective representation.
  • 1946 --- In conclusion to an extremely tense situation of the early Cold War, the Soviet Union announces that its troops in Iran will be withdrawn within six weeks. The Iranian crisis was one of the first tests of power between the United States and the Soviet Union in the postwar world.
  • 1954 --- Radio Corporation of America (RCA) began commercial production of TV sets that were equipped to receive programs in living color. To buy one of those huge sets, television buyers spent $1,000 -- and more.
  • 1955 --- The U.S. Customs Department confiscates 520 copies of Allen Ginsberg's book Howl, which had been printed in England. Officials alleged that the book was obscene.
  • 1965 --- Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. led a group of 25,000 to the state capital in Montgomery, AL. to protest the denial of voting rights to blacks.
  • 1966 --- The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the "poll tax" was unconstitutional.
  • 1967 --- The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., leads a march of 5,000 antiwar demonstrators in Chicago. In an address to the demonstrators, King declared that the Vietnam War was "a blasphemy against all that America stands for." King first began speaking out against American involvement in Vietnam in the summer of 1965. In addition to his moral objections to the war, he argued that the war diverted money and attention from domestic programs to aid the black poor. He was strongly criticized by other prominent civil rights leaders for attempting to link civil rights and the antiwar movement.
  • 1992 --- Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returned to Earth from the Mir space station after a 10-month stay, during which his native country, the Soviet Union, ceased to exist.
  • 1996 --- The redesigned $100 bill went into circulation.
  • Birthdays
  • Gloria Steinem
  • Aretha Franklin
  • Sarah Jessica Parker
  • Danica Patrick
  • Mary Gross
  • Elton John(Sir Reginald Dwight)
  • Jim Lovell
  • Bela Bartok
  • Arturo Toscanini
  • Sir David Lean
  • Simone Signoret
  • Flannery O’Connor
  • Howard Cosell
  • Gene Shalit
  • Hoyt Axton
  • Debi Thomas
  • Sheryl Swoops
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