5:42am

Mon November 5, 2012
KALW Almanac

Monday November 5, 2012

  • 310th Day of 2012 / 56 Remaining
  • 46 Days Until The First Day of Winter

Guy Fawkes Day / Bonfire Night (highlighted story below)

  • Sunrise:6:40
  • Sunset:5:07
  • 10 Hours 27 Minutes of Daylight
  • Moon Rise: 10:49pm
  • Moon Set:12:03pm
  • Moon’s Phase: 62 %
  • The Next Full Moon
  • November 28 @ 6:47 am
  • Full Beaver Moon
  • Full Frosts Moon

For both the colonists and the Algonquin tribes, this was the time to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. This full Moon was also called the Frost Moon.

  • Tides
  • High: 8:00am/7:52pm
  • Low: 1:10am/2:06pm
  • Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
  • This Year:1.61
  • Last Year:1.60
  • Normal To Date:1.85
  • Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
  • Holidays
  • Doughnut Day
  • Sadie Hawkins Day
  • Day of the First Shout for Freedom-El Salvador
  • All Saints Day-Sweden
  • Guy Fawkes Day/Bonfire Night-England
  • Eid-Al-Adha/Feast of the Sacrifice-Islamic
  • Colon Day-Panama
  • On This Day In …
  • 1605 --- Eleven men, led by one Guy Fawkes, came together to find a way to return England to the Catholic faith. It seems that King James had been sending Jesuits into exile. The conspirators plotted to kill the King and all members of the Parliament by blowing up the Houses of Parliament on November 5. They had amassed 36 barrels of gunpowder and placed the barrels under the Houses of Parliament. The plot was discovered on November 4th, and the conspirators were arrested, tried and convicted. The following January, Guy Fawkes and seven other surviving members of the group were beheaded. Their heads were then displayed on the spikes of London Bridge. The following November 5th (1606), the same Parliament Guy Fawkes and his men had attempted to annihilate, established a national day of Thanksgiving. Guy Fawkes Day or Bonfire Night has been celebrated every year since with fireworks and the burning of Guy Fawkes’ effigy. The effigies are referred to as ‘Guys’ and as they are burned, the revelers repeat this verse:

Remember, Remember the Fifth of November
Gunpowder, Treason, and Plot.
I see no reason why Gunpowder Treason
should ever be forgot.

Guy Fawkes, Guy Fawkes twas his intent
To blow up the houses of Parliament,
With three score barrels of powder below,
Poor old England to overthrow.

But by God’s providence he was catched,
With darkened lantern and slow burning match.
Holloa boys, Holloa boys, ring bells ring,
Holloa boys, Holloa boys, God saved the King!

  • 1775 --- Continental Army commander in chief General George Washington condemns his troops' planned celebration of the British anti-Catholic holiday, Guy Fawkes Night, as he was simultaneously struggling to win French-Canadian Catholics to the Patriot cause. In his general orders for the day, Washington criticized "that ridiculous and childish custom of burning the Effigy of the pope," part of the traditional Guy Fawkes celebration. He went on to express his bewilderment that there could be "Officers and Soldiers in this army so void of common sense" and berated the troops for their inability to recognize that "defence [sic] of the general Liberty of America" demanded expressions of "public thanks" to the Canadian Catholics who Washington believed to be necessary allies, and wrote that he found "monstrous" any actions, which might "be insulting their Religion."
  • 1872 --- In the U.S., Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to vote in the presidential election. She never paid the fine.
  • 1930 --- Sinclair Lewis is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humor, new types of characters." Lewis, born in Sauk Center, Minnesota, was the first American to win the distinguished award. Lewis established his literary reputation in the 1920s with a series of satirical novels about small-town life in the United States including Main Street (1920), Babbitt (1922), Arrowsmith (1925), and Elmer Gantry (1927). In these novels, his central characters strive to escape their emotionally and intellectually repressive environments, with varying degrees of success. In 1926, he turned down the Pulitzer Prize awarded him for Arrowsmith but in 1930 decided to accept Sweden's Nobel Prize.
  • 1935 --- Parker Brothers began marketing the board game "Monopoly."
  • 1940 --- Franklin Delano Roosevelt is re-elected for an unprecedented third term as president of the United States. Roosevelt was elected to a third term with the promise of maintaining American neutrality as far as foreign wars were concerned: "Let no man or woman thoughtlessly or falsely talk of American people sending its armies to European fields." But as Hitler's war spread, and the desperation of Britain grew, the president fought for passage of the Lend-Lease Act in Congress, in March 1941, which would commit financial aid to Great Britain and other allies. In August, Roosevelt met with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to proclaim the Atlantic Charter, which would become the basis of the United Nations; they also drafted a statement to the effect that the United States "would be compelled to take countermeasures" should Japan further encroach in the southwest Pacific. Despite ongoing negotiations with Japan, that "further encroachment" took the form of the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor—"a day that would live in infamy." The next day Roosevelt requested, and received, a declaration of war against Japan. On December 11, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States. Certain wartime decisions by Roosevelt proved controversial, such as the demand of unconditional surrender of the Axis powers, which some claim prolonged the war. Another was the acquiescence to Joseph Stalin of certain territories in the Far East in exchange for his support in the war against Japan. Roosevelt is often accused of being too naive where Stalin was concerned, especially in regard to "Uncle Joe's" own imperial desires.
  • 1968 ---- Republican Richard M. Nixon won the presidency, defeating Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey and third-party candidate George C. Wallace.
  • 1974 --- Ella T. Grasso was elected governor of Connecticut. She was the first woman in the U.S. to win a governorship without succeeding her husband.
  • 1990 --- Meir Kahane, an American-born rabbi and founder of the far-right Kach movement, is shot dead in New York City. Egyptian El Sayyid Nosair was later charged with the murder but acquitted in a state trial. The federal government later decided that the killing was part of a larger terrorist conspiracy and thus claimed the right to retry Nosair. In 1995, he was convicted of killing Kahane during the conspiracy trial of Brooklyn-based Arab militants led by Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman. Nosair was sentenced to life imprisonment. Kahane, a charismatic Jewish leader who advocated expelling all Arabs from Israel, found followers in Israel and the United States. He formed the Jewish Defense League in the United States in the 1960s and in 1971 moved to Israel, where he founded the Kach Party. Because of its racist platform, Kach was forbidden from participating in Israeli elections after 1988, but it continued to be supported by extremist Jewish settlers in Israel's occupied territories. In 1994, after a Jewish settler once affiliated with the Kach movement gunned down more than 30 Arabs worshipping in a mosque in the West Bank town of Hebron, Israel completely outlawed the organization.
  • 1995 --- "The Wizard of Oz in Concert" took place for a Children's Defense Fund. The show featured Jackson Browne as the Scarecrow, Roger Daltrey as the Tin Man, Nathan Lane as the Cowardly Lion and Jewel as Dorothy.
  • 1999 --- U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson, in a ‘finding of fact’, declared Microsoft Corporation a monopoly. Jackson wrote, “Microsoft enjoys so much power in the market for Intel-compatible PC operating systems that if it wished to exercise this power solely in terms of price, it could charge a price for Windows substantially above that which could be charged in a competitive market.”
  • Birthdays
  • Ida Tarbell
  • Elke Sommer
  • Art Garfunkel
  • Peter Noone
  • Bill Walton
  • Tatum O’Neal
  • Sam Rockwell
  • Johnny Damon
  • Vivian Leigh
  • Gram Parsons
  • Roy Rogers
  • Ike Turner
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