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Monday September 9, 2013
- 252nd Day of 2013 / 113 Remaining
- 13 Days Until The First Day of Autumn
- 12 Hours 38 Minutes of Daylight
- Moon Rise:11:08am
- Moon Set:9:53pm
- Moon’s Phase: 20 %
- The Next Full Moon
- September 19 @ 4:12am
- Full Corn Moon
- Full Barley Moon
This full Moon corresponds with the time of harvesting corn. It is also called the Barley Moon, because it is the time to harvest and thresh the ripened barley. The Harvest Moon is the full Moon nearest the autumnal equinox, which can occur in September or October and is bright enough to allow finishing all the harvest chores.
- Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
- Normal To Date:0.00
- This Year:0.04
- Last Year:0.02
- Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
- Wonderful Weirdos Day
- Admission Day-California
- National Steak au Poivre Day
- National Wienerschnitzel Day
- Chrysanthemum Day-Japan
- Independence Day-Tajikistan
- On This Day In …
- 490BC --- The Battle of Marathon took place between the invading Persian army and the Athenian Army. The marathon race was derived from the events that occurred surrounding this battle.
- 1776 --- The second Continental Congress officially made the term "United States", replacing the previous term "United Colonies."
- 1850 --- When California became the 31st of the United States of America on this day, cries of “there’s gold in them thar hills” had already been heard for two years. So, it’s no surprise that the nickname for the most populous state is the Golden State, and that the golden poppy (orange-yellowish in color) is the state flower. (Contrary to popular opinion, the California poppy does not yield opium.) The state bird of California is the California valley quail. No, it is not golden in color, but is grayish-brown with black, white and chestnut markings. Sacramento, centrally located but far from being the largest city in the state, is the state capital.
- 1898 --- In Omaha, NE, Tommy Fleming of Eau Claire, WI won the first logrolling championship.
- 1910 --- Alice B. Toklas becomes the lifetime house mate of avant-garde writer Gertrude Stein. Stein, who shared a house with her brother Leo for many years, met Toklas in 1907. Toklas began staying with Stein and Leo in Paris in 1909, then moved in
permanently in 1910. Stein's brother Leo moved out in 1914. Toklas' love and support of Stein was so important that when Stein wrote her autobiography in 1933, she titled it The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, adopting Toklas' persona as the narrator of her own memoirs.
- 1926 --- The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) was organized as a broadcasting service of the Radio Corporation of America.
- 1939 --- Audiences at the Fox Theater in Riverside, California, get a surprise showing of Gone with the Wind, which the theater manager shows as a second feature. Producer David O. Selznick sat in the back and observed the audience reaction to his highly anticipated film. The movie was released a few months later.
- 1942 --- A Japanese floatplane drops incendiary bombs on an Oregon state forest-the first and only air attack on the U.S. mainland in the war. Launching from the Japanese sub I-25, Nobuo Fujita piloted his light aircraft over the state of Oregon and
firebombed Mount Emily, alighting a state forest--and ensuring his place in the history books as the only man to ever bomb the continental United States. The president immediately called for a news blackout for the sake of morale. No long-term damage was done, and Fujita eventually went home to train navy pilots for the rest of the war.
- 1948 --- The People's Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) was created.
- 1950 --- Sal Maglie (New York Giants) pitched a fourth consecutive shutout. Only four other pitchers in the National League had ever accomplished this feat.
- 1956 --- On this Sunday night, 54,000,000 viewers (82.6 percent of the U.S. television audience) turned their TV dials to CBS to see and hear 21-year-old singer Elvis ‘The Pelvis’ Presley. Elvis sang
Don’t Be Cruel and Ready Teddy. One female Elvis fan described him as, “One big hunk of forbidden fruit.” Elvis got the largest fee to that date for appearing on The Ed Sullivan Show: $50,000.
- 1957 --- President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed into law the first civil rights bill to pass Congress since Reconstruction.
- 1965 --- French President Charles de Gaulle announced that France was withdrawing from NATO to protest the domination of the U.S. in the organization.
- 1966 --- President Lyndon Johnson signs the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act into law. Immediately afterward, he signed the Highway Safety Act. The two bills made the federal government responsible for setting and enforcing safety standards for cars and roads. Unsafe highways, Johnson argued, were a menace to public health: "In this century," Johnson said before he signed the bills, "more than 1,500,000 of our fellow citizens have died on our streets and highways; nearly three times as many Americans as we have lost in all our wars." It was a genuine crisis, and one that the automakers had proven themselves unwilling or unable to resolve. "Safety is no luxury item," the President declared, "no optional extra; it must be a normal cost of doing business."
- 1967 --- "Soul Man," by Sam & Dave, was released.
- 1971 --- Prisoners riot and seize control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, New York. Later that day, state police retook most of the prison, but 1,281 convicts occupied an exercise field called D Yard, where they held 39 prison guards and employees hostage for four days. After negotiations stalled, state police and prison officers launched a disastrous raid on September 13, in which 10 hostages and 29 inmates were killed in an indiscriminate hail of gunfire. Eighty-nine others were seriously injured. The Attica riot was the worst prison riot in U.S. history. A total of 43 people were killed, including the 39 killed in the raid, guard William Quinn, and three inmates killed by other prisoners early in the riot. In the week after its conclusion, police engaged in brutal reprisals against the prisoners, forcing them to run a gauntlet of nightsticks and crawl naked across broken glass, among other tortures. The many injured inmates received substandard medical treatment, if any. In 1974, lawyers representing the 1,281 inmates
filed a $2.8 billion class-action lawsuit against prison and state officials. It took 18 years before the suit came to trial, and five more years to reach the damages phase, delays that were the fault of a lower-court judge opposed to the case. In January 2000, New York State and the former and current inmates settled for $8 million, which was divided unevenly among about 500 inmates, depending on the severity of their suffering during the raid and the weeks following. Families of the slain correction officers lost their right to sue by accepting the modest death-benefit checks sent to them by the state. The hostages who survived likewise lost their right to sue by cashing their paychecks. Both groups attest that no state officials apprised them of their legal rights, and they were denied compensation that New York should have paid to them.
- 1979 --- Tracy Austin, at 16, became the youngest player to win the U.S. Open women’s tennis title.
- 1983 --- The Soviet Union announced that the Korean jetliner that was shot down on September 1, 1983 was not an accident or an error.
- 1993 --- The Palestine Liberation Organization agreed to recognize Israel's right to exist, and Israel agreed to recognize the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people.
- 1997 --- Sinn Fein, the Irish Republican Army's political ally, formally renounced violence as it took its place in talks on Northern Ireland's future.
- 1998 --- Four tourists who had paid $32,500 each were taken in a 23-foot submersible to view the wreckage of the Titanic two and a-half miles below the ocean surface off Newfoundland.
- 2003 --- The Boston Roman Catholic Archdiocese agreed to pay $85 million to 552 people to settle clergy sex abuse cases.
- Otis Redding
- Adam Sandler
- Joe Theismann
- Angela Cartwright
- Dave Stewart
- Hugh Grant
- Col Harlan Sanders
- William Bligh
- Alfred Landon
- Cliff Robertson
- Elvin Jones
- Sylvia Miles
- Billy Preston