5:55am

Thu March 21, 2013
KALW Almanac

Thursday March 21, 2013

1965

  • 80th Day of 2013 / 285 Remaining
  • 92 Days Until The First Day of Summer
  • Sunrise:7:09
  • Sunset:7:23
  • 11 Hours 14 Minutes of Daylight
  • Moon Rise:2:03am
  • Moon Set:3:32am
  • Moon’s Phase:69 %
  • The Next Full Moon
  • March 27 @ 2:30am
  • Full Worm Moon
  • Full Crust Moon
  • Full Lenten Moon
  • Full Crow Moon
  • Full Sap Moon

As the temperature begins to warm and the ground begins to thaw, earthworm casts appear, heralding the return of the robins. The more northern tribes knew this Moon as the Full Crow Moon, when the cawing of crows signaled the end of winter; or the Full Crust Moon, because the snow cover becomes crusted from thawing by day and freezing at night. The Full Sap Moon, marking the time of tapping maple trees, is another variation. To the settlers, it was also known as the Lenten Moon, and was considered to be the last full Moon of winter.

  • Tides
  • High:7:39am/9:51pm
  • Low:2:10am/2:47pm
  • Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
  • This Year:14.73
  • Last Year:10.32
  • Normal To Date:20.58
  • Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
  • Holidays
  • National French Bread Day
  • California Strawberry Day
  • Memory Day
  • Aries Begins
  • UN International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
  • Canberra Day-Australia
  • Noruz (Nauroze)-Iran/Persian New Year
  • Independence Day-Namibia
  • Human Rights Day-South Africa
  • Naw-Ruz (Baha'i New Year)
  • Mother’s Day-Egypt/Syria
  • Tree Planting Day-Lesotho
  • Youth Day-Tunisia
  • Alban Eiler(Northern Hemisphere)-Celtic
  • Alban Eloed(Southern Hemisphere)-Celtic
  • Mabon-Paganism
  • Shunbun no Hi(Vernal Equinox Day)-Shinto
  • On This Day In …
  • 1788 --- Almost the entire city of New Orleans was destroyed by fire. 856 buildings were destroyed.
  • 1790 --- Thomas Jefferson took office as America's first secretary of state.
  • 1804 --- After four years of debate and planning, French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte enacts a new legal framework for France, known as the "Napoleonic Code." The civil code gave post-revolutionary France its first coherent set of laws concerning property, colonial affairs, the family, and individual rights.
  • 1826 --- Beethoven's Quartet #13 in B flat major (Op 130) was premiered in Vienna.
  • 1902 --- In New York, three Park Avenue mansions were destroyed when a subway tunnel roof caved in.
  • 1904 --- At Carnegie Hall, Richard Strauss conducted the world premiere of his Symphonia Domestica. It was his fifth of seven appearances at Carnegie Hall.
  • 1932 --- A storm system arising in the Gulf of Mexico spawns a devastating series of tornadoes that kills more than 350 people across the Southeast over two days. Thousands were seriously injured and many were left homeless by this deadly rash of twisters. The tornadoes began late on a Monday afternoon near the Mississippi and Alabama border. Warm air from the Gulf of Mexico collided with a cold front to the north, setting up perfect tornado conditions. The first twister touched down in Marion, Alabama, where 18 people were killed and 150 were injured at a large plantation farm. Next hit was Tuscaloosa--the Druid City Hospital there was inundated with victims. Moving northeast in Alabama, tornadoes caused such destruction in the town of Northport that it had to be sealed and National Guard troops called in. Twenty-nine people were killed in Demopolis, Alabama, with reports of boxcars from nearby train tracks flying through the air. In Chilton County, witness William Lyon reported "large timber 200 feet in the air." Churches and schools were demolished across the county and 40 people were killed. In Sylacauga, 100 homes were leveled and 19 people killed. The final death toll in Alabama was 299. In northern Alabama, the storm front split into two parts. The first part moved toward Tennessee and Kentucky, while the other pushed toward Georgia and the Carolinas. A total of 359 people died in six different states from the 33 recorded tornadoes that persisted through the night. The horrific spate of tornadoes also did heavy damage to livestock and crops. The disaster came at a particularly tough time for the people and economy of the region; they were already reeling from the effects of the Great Depression.
  • 1939 --- God Bless America, written by Irving Berlin back in 1918 as a tribute by a successful immigrant to his adopted country, was recorded by Kate Smith for Victor Records.
  • 1946 --- The Los Angeles Rams signed Kenny Washington. Washington was the first black player to join a National Football League team since 1933.
  • 1963 --- Alcatraz Prison in San Francisco Bay closes down and transfers its last prisoners. At it's peak period of use in 1950s, "The Rock, or ""America's Devil Island" housed over 200 inmates at the maximum-security facility. Alcatraz remains an icon of American prisons for its harsh conditions and record for being inescapable. The twelve-acre rocky island, one and a half miles from San Francisco, featured the most advanced security of the time. Some of the first metal detectors were used at Alcatraz. Strict rules were enforced against the unfortunate inmates who had to do time at Alcatraz. Nearly complete silence was mandated at all times. Alcatraz was first explored by Juan Manuel de Ayala in 1775, who called it Isla de los Alcatraces (Pelicans) because of all the birds that lived there. It was sold in 1849 to the U.S. government. The first lighthouse in California was on Alcatraz. It became a Civil War fort and then a military prison in 1907. The end of its prison days did not end the Alcatraz saga. In March 1964, a group of Sioux claimed that the island belonged to them due to a 100-year-old treaty. Their claims were ignored until November 1969 when a group of eighty-nine Native Americans representing the American Indian Movement (AIM) occupied the island. They stayed there until 1971 when AIM was finally forced off the island by federal authorities. The following year, Alcatraz was added to the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. It is now open for tourism.
  • 1965 --- In the name of African-American voting rights, 3,200 civil rights demonstrators, led by Martin Luther King Jr., begin a historic march from Selma, Alabama, to the state capitol at Montgomery. Federalized Alabama National Guardsmen and FBI agents were on hand to provide safe passage for the march, which twice had been turned back by Alabama state police at Selma's Edmund Pettus Bridge. President Lyndon Johnson went on national television to pledge his support to the Selma protesters and call for the passage of a new voting rights bill that he was introducing in Congress. "There is no Negro problem. There is no Southern problem. There is no Northern problem. There is only an American problem," he said, "...Their cause must be our cause too. Because it is not just Negros, but really it is all of us, who must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice. And we shall overcome." On March 21, U.S. Army troops and federalized Alabama National Guardsmen escorted the marchers across Edmund Pettus Bridge and down Highway 80. When the highway narrowed to two lanes, only 300 marchers were permitted, but thousands more rejoined the Alabama Freedom March as it came into Montgomery on March 25. On the steps of the Alabama State Capitol, King addressed live television cameras and a crowd of 25,000, just a few hundred feet from the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, where he got his start as a minister in 1954. That August, President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act, which guaranteed African Americans the right to vote.
  • 1976 --- Singer Claudine Longet, formerly the wife of Andy Williams, shot her boyfriend, world skiing champion Spider Sabich. Sabich had tried to throw her and her three children out of his house. Longet was arrested for manslaughter.
  • 1980 --- President Jimmy Carter informs a group of U.S. athletes that, in response to the December 1979 Soviet incursion into Afghanistan, the United States will boycott the 1980 Olympics in Moscow. It marked the first and only time that the United States has boycotted the Olympics. After the Soviet Union intervened in Afghanistan in December 1979 to prop up an unstable pro-Soviet government, the United States reacted quickly and sharply. It suspended arms negotiations with the Soviets, condemned the Russian action in the United Nations, and threatened to boycott the Olympics to be held in Moscow in 1980. When the Soviets refused to withdraw their troops from Afghanistan, President Carter finalized his decision to boycott the games.
  • 2002 --- In Paris, an 1825 print by French inventor Joseph Nicephore Niepce was sold for $443,220. The print, of a man leading a horse, was the earliest recorded image taken by photographic means.
  • Birthdays
  • Alice Henry
  • Maurice Farman
  • Phyllis McGinley
  • John D Rockefeller III
  • Johann Sebastian Bach
  • Florenz Ziegfeld
  • Sabrina LaBeauf
  • Gary Oldman
  • Rosie O’Donnell
  • Ronaldinho
  • Benito Juarez
  • Matthew Broderick
  • Eddie Money
  • Julio Gallo
  • Mort Lindsey
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