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Thursday October 31, 2013
- 304th Day of 2013 / 61Remaining
- 51 Days Until The First Day of Winter
- 10 Hours 36 Minutes of Daylight
- Moon Rise:4:32am
- Moon Set:4:30pm
- Moon’s Phase: 9 %
- The Next Full Moon
- November 17 @ 7:16am
- Full Beaver Moon
- Full Frosty Moon
This was the time to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. Another interpretation suggests that the name Full Beaver Moon comes from the fact that the beavers are now actively preparing for winter. It is sometimes also referred to as the Frosty Moon.
- Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
- Normal To Date:1.44
- This Year:0.44
- Last Year:1.26
- Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
- Beggar's Night
- Magic Day
- National Caramel Apple Day
- National Knock Knock Day
- National UNICEF Day
- Trick or Treat Night
- Admission Day-Nevada
- Flag Day-Ecuador
- All Hallows Eve-Catholicism
- Reformation Day-Protestant
- On This Day In …
- 1517 --- Martin Luther approaches the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, and nails a piece of paper to it containing the 95 revolutionary opinions that would begin the Protestant Reformation.
- 1776 --- In his first speech before British Parliament since the leaders of the American Revolution came together to sign of the Declaration of Independence that summer, King George III acknowledges that all was not going well for Britain in the war with the United States.
- 1846 --- The Donner party became trapped in what is now known as Donner Pass in the Sierra Mountains. The next day they began
building their winter camp at Truckee (now Donner) Lake, having failed to get through the snow-filled pass.
- 1864 --- Nevada entered the United States of America. The 36th state garnered its name from the Spanish word meaning ‘snowy’. The founding fathers must have spent a lot of time in the northern and central regions near the capital city of Carson City, and in one of today’s gambling meccas, Reno. The Silver State is also known as the entertainment and gambling capital of the United States. Nevada is the most arid state in the Union which explains why sagebrush is the state flower. The mountain bluebird, the state bird, flies over Nevada’s mountainous terrain.
- 1888 --- Scottish inventor John Boyd Dunlop was issued a patent for pneumatic bicycle tires.
- 1892 --- The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, by Arthur Conan Doyle, is published. The book was the first collection of Holmes
stories, which Conan Doyle had been publishing in magazines since 1887.
- 1920 --- Justice Oliver Wendell Homes handed down the decision of the Supreme Court, which upheld trademark violations for The ‘Coca- Cola Company’ against 'The Koke Company of America'.
- 1926 --- Magician Harry Houdini died of gangrene and peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix. His fatal destiny began on October 22, 1926 while Houdini was performing at the Princess Theater in Montreal, Canada. As he relaxed on a couch in his dressing room at the theater, Houdini was visited by a student athlete from Montreal’s McGill University. The young man asked Houdini if it was true that he could actually withstand punches to the stomach. Houdini replied in the affirmative, but before he could prepare himself for the stunt by tightening his stomach muscles, the student punched the magician several times in his mid-section. Houdini performed that night and several more, then headed for Detroit where he did one show, then collapsed and was rushed to the hospital. At the time, it was assumed that his appendix had been ruptured by the blows from the student. Current medical knowledge leads experts to believe that Houdini already had appendicitis and only thought that the blows to his stomach were the cause of his pain.
- 1938 --- The day after his "War of the Worlds" broadcast had panicked radio listeners, Orson Welles expressed "deep regret" but also bewilderment that anyone had thought the show was real.
- 1941 --- Mount Rushmore was ‘completed’ this day. Actually, the money ran out. Work on the monument, honoring Presidents Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and Teddy Roosevelt, had begun August 10, 1927. It was dedicated March 3, 1933 although work continued. Sculptor Gutzon Borglum died in 1941 and his son, Lincoln, continued the project until funds ran out on this day. Since then , no additional carving has been done, nor is any further work (other than maintenance) on the memorial planned.
- 1950 --- Earl Lloyd becomes the first African-American to play in an NBA game when he takes the court in the season opener for the Washington Capitols.
- 1959 --- Lee Harvey Oswald, a former U.S. Marine from Fort Worth, TX, announced that he would never return to the U.S. At the time he was in Moscow, Russia.
- 1961 --- Five years after Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev denounced Stalinism and the "personality cult" of Soviet rulers at the 20th Party Congress, Joseph Stalin's embalmed body is removed from Lenin's tomb in Moscow's Red Square. When Vladimir Lenin died in 1924, the leader of Russia's Bolshevik revolution was embalmed and placed in a special mausoleum before the Kremlin wall. Featuring glass casing, the tomb made the father of Soviet Russia visible for all posterity. Lenin was succeeded as Soviet leader by Joseph
Stalin, who ruled over the USSR with an iron fist for three decades, executing or working to death millions of Soviets who stood in the way of his ruthless political and economic plans. However, Stalin also led his country to a hard-won victory over German invaders during World War II, and when died in 1953 he joined Lenin in his tomb. Within a few years of Stalin's death, however, Soviet authorities uniformly condemned the brutal leader. In October 1961, his body was removed from public display in Red Square and shunted off to a nearby tomb.
- 1984 --- Indira Gandhi, the prime minister of India, is assassinated in New Delhi by two of her own bodyguards. Beant Singh and Satwant Singh, both Sikhs, emptied their guns into Gandhi as she walked to her office from an adjoining bungalow. Although the two assailants immediately surrendered, they were both shot in a subsequent scuffle, and Beant died. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India, attempted to forge a unified nation out of the many religious, ethnic, and cultural factions that existed under
British rule until 1949. His daughter, Indira Gandhi (no relation to Mohandas Gandhi), rose to power in 1966, fighting many of the same problems as her father had. Her own political career was a roller coaster, from the highs following India's victory over Pakistan in 1971 to the lows of being thrown out of office in 1977 after declaring a state of emergency in 1975, during which time she suspended civil liberties and jailed her political opponents. Although many criticized her for being authoritarian, the majority of the population supported her because of her extensive social programs.
- 1999 --- Leaders from the Roman Catholic Church and the Lutheran Church signed the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification. The event ended a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation.
- Chiang Kai-shek
- John Keats
- Kinky Friedman
- John Candy
- Lee Grant
- Michael Collins
- Dan Rather
- Sally Kirkland
- David Ogden Stiers
- Brian Doyle-Murray
- Peter Jackson
- Larry Mullen Jr
- Jane Pauley
- Rob Schneider
- Vanilla Ice (Rob Van Winkle)
- Ethel Waters
- Michael Landon
- Dale Evans
- Norodom Sihanouk
- Barbara Bel Geddes
- Juliet Lowe