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Tuesday June 4, 2013
- 155th Day of 2013 / 210 Remaining
- 17 Days Until The First Day of Summer
- 14 Hours 40 Minutes of Daylight
- Moon Rise:3:18am
- Moon Set:5:06pm
- Moon’s Phase:13 %
- The Next Full Moon
- June 23 @ 4:33am
- Full Strawberry Moon
- Full Rose Moon
This name was universal to every Algonquin tribe. However, in Europe they called it the Rose Moon. Also because the relatively short season for harvesting strawberries comes each year during the month of June . . . so the full Moon that occurs during that month was christened for the strawberry!
- Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
- This Year:16.36
- Last Year:15.77
- Normal To Date:23.66
- Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
- Audacity To Hope Day
- National Trails Day
- Cheese Day
- International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression
- Flag Day-Finland
- Emancipation Day-Tonga
- Revolution Day-Ghana
- On This Day In …
- 1674 --- Horse racing was prohibited in Massachusetts.
- 1784 --- Elisabeth Thible of Lyon, France was the first woman to fly in a hot-air balloon. Her flight lasted 45 minutes, that’s 20 minutes longer than the flying trip her male counterparts (Dr. Pilâtre de Rozier and his faithful courtier, the Marquis d’Arlandes) took some 6 months earlier. Mme. Thible’s balloon, named Le Gustave (after Sweden’s King Gustav III, who viewed the ascent), rose 8,500 feet (2,591 meters). The guys only made it to 2,953 feet (900 meters). Elisabeth (in France) -- or Elizabeth (in England and the U.S.) or Marie (in those places where she has been confused with a man named Marie) -- was guided in her quest by pilot (and artist) Monsieur Fleurant, who told reporters that the opera singer “sang like a bird” while she drifted across Lyon.
- 1895 --- African American inventor Joseph Lee patented a machine for "bread crumbing." It was intended for use by restaurants to crumb large quantities of bread scraps.
- 1896 --- Henry Ford made a successful pre-dawn test run of his horseless carriage, called a quadricycle, through the streets of Detroit. However, Ford built his first “horseless carriage” in a brick shed in his garden in Detroit in 1896, it never dawned on him to check the size of the shed’s door. It was only after he built his first “Quadricycle” and was ready to take it for a test drive that he discovered it was too big to get through the door of the shed. Ford had to knock bricks out of the wall to let his invention escape. The shed is at Henry Ford’s Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Michigan. If you go there you can see where the bricks were patched back into place.
- 1907 --- The automatic washer & dryer are introduced.
- 1917 --- Laura E. Richards and Maude H. Elliott, along with their assistant, Florence Hall, received the first Pulitzer Prize for a biography. The title of their work was Julia Ward Howe. With Americans of Past and Present Days, by Jean Jules Jusserand, received the first prize for history; while Herbert B. Swope picked up the first reporter’s Pulitzer. He wrote for the New York World. Altogether, these were the very first Pulitzer Prizes ever awarded.
- 1919 --- The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing women the right to vote, is passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification. The women's suffrage movement was founded in the mid-19th century by women who had become politically active through their work in the abolitionist and temperance movements. In July 1848, 240 woman suffragists, including Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, met in Seneca Falls, New York, to assert the right of women to vote. Female enfranchisement was still largely opposed by most Americans, and the distraction of the North-South conflict and subsequent Civil War precluded further discussion. During the Reconstruction Era, the 15th Amendment was adopted, granting African American men the right to vote, but the Republican-dominated Congress failed to expand its progressive radicalism into the sphere of gender.
- 1935 --- "Invisible" glass was patented by Gerald Brown and Edward Pollard.
- 1936 --- Sylvan Goldman ran a successful chain of grocery stores, where customers could carry hand baskets while they shopped. In 1936, when he was a major owner of the Piggly-Wiggly supermarket chain, he invented the shopping cart. He got the idea from a wooden folding chair. He designed the cart by putting a basket on the seat, another below and wheels on the legs. He and a mechanic, Fred Young put one together with a metal frame, and wire baskets. The frames could be folded up and the baskets stacked, which took up less storage room. Customers were reluctant to use this new contraption, so Goldman hired fake shoppers to wheel the carts around pretending to shop so people could see how useful the cart could be!
- 1944 --- The U.S. Fifth Army began liberating Rome during World War II.
- 1954 --- French Premier Joseph Laniel and Vietnamese Premier Buu Loc initialed treaties in Paris giving "complete independence" to Vietnam.
- 1972 --- Angela Yvonne Davis, a former philosophy professor at the University of California, and self-proclaimed communist, is acquitted on charges of conspiracy, murder, and kidnapping by an all-white jury in San Jose, California. In October 1970, Davis was arrested in New York City in connection with a shootout that occurred on August 7 in a San Raphael, California, courtroom. She was accused of supplying weapons to Jonathan Jackson, who burst into the courtroom in a bid to free inmates on trial there and take hostages whom he hoped to exchange for his brother George, a black radical imprisoned at San Quentin Prison. In the subsequent shoot-out with police, Jonathan Jackson was killed along with Superior Court Judge Harold Haley and two inmates.
- 1974 --- Cleveland Indians public relations experts thought that ‘Ten Cent Beer Night’ would bring out the fans and otherwise help the slumping Indians -- a team no one cared to watch. The promotion was a disaster. Oh, sure, there was plenty of dime brew sold at Municipal Stadium that night. But there were soon plenty of drunken, surly, unruly fans, too, which made it possible for the Indians to forfeit the ball game to the Texas Rangers. Municipal Stadium could seat some 60,000 fans and only 22,000 showed up for the frolic and merriment.
- 1985 --- The Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling striking down an Alabama law providing for a daily minute of silence in public schools.
- 1986 --- Jonathan Pollard pleads guilty to espionage for selling top-secret U.S. military intelligence information to Israel. The former Navy intelligence analyst sold enough classified documents to fill a medium-sized room. Pollard was arrested in November 1985 after authorities learned that he had been meeting with Israeli agents every two weeks for the last year. He was paid approximately $50,000 for the highly sensitive documents and expected to receive as much as $300,000 in a secret Swiss bank account. The top-secret information included satellite photos and data on Soviet weapons. Pollard was sentenced to life in prison while his wife Anne received a five-year sentence for being an accessory to the crimes. The discovery of his betrayal put a chill on the relationship between the U.S. and Israel. Viewing the U.S. as its ally, Israel believed that the information should have been passed along anyway. But the fact that some Israeli agents remained in high positions despite their involvement in the espionage angered the United States.
- 1989 --- Chinese troops storm through Tiananmen Square in the center of Beijing, killing and arresting thousands of pro-democracy protesters. The brutal Chinese government assault on the protesters shocked the West and brought denunciations and sanctions from the United States. In May 1989, nearly a million Chinese, mostly young students, crowded into central Beijing to protest for greater democracy and call for the resignations of Chinese Communist Party leaders deemed too repressive. For nearly three weeks, the protesters kept up daily vigils, and marched and chanted. Western reporters captured much of the drama for television and newspaper audiences in the United States and Europe. On June 4, 1989, however, Chinese troops and security police stormed through Tiananmen Square, firing indiscriminately into the crowds of protesters. Turmoil ensued, as tens of thousands of the young students tried to escape the rampaging Chinese forces. Other protesters fought back, stoning the attacking troops and overturning and setting fire to military vehicles. Reporters and Western diplomats on the scene estimated that at least 300, and perhaps thousands, of the protesters had been killed and as many as 10,000 were arrested. The savagery of the Chinese government's attack shocked both its allies and Cold War enemies. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev declared that he was saddened by the events in China. He said he hoped that the government would adopt his own domestic reform program and begin to democratize the Chinese political system. In the United States, editorialists and members of Congress denounced the Tiananmen Square massacre and pressed for President George Bush to punish the Chinese government. A little more than three weeks later, the U.S. Congress voted to impose economic sanctions against the People's Republic of China in response to the brutal violation of human rights.
- 1992 --- The U.S. Postal Service announced that people preferred the "younger Elvis" stamp design in a nationwide vote.
- 2011 --- Li Na won the French Open's women's championship, becoming the first Chinese tennis player to win a Grand Slam singles title.
- Angeline Jolie
- Russell Brand
- Bruce Dern
- Michelle Phillips
- Dennis Weaver
- Dr Ruth Westheimer
- Freddy Fender
- King George III
- Josephine Bellamina Fratus