5:34am

Tue March 26, 2013
KALW Almanac

Tuesday March 26, 2013

1979
1979

  • 87th Day of 2013 / 278 Remaining
  • Days Until The First Day of Summer
  • Sunrise:7:02
  • Sunset:728
  • 12 Hours 26 Minutes of Daylight
  • Moon Rise:7:09pm
  • Moon Set:6:24am
  • Moon’s Phase:%
  • The Next Full Moon
  • March 27 @ 2:30am
  • Full Worm Moon
  • Full Crust Moon
  • Full Lenten Moon
  • Full Crow Moon
  • Full Sap Moon

As the temperature begins to warm and the ground begins to thaw, earthworm casts appear, heralding the return of the robins. The more northern tribes knew this Moon as the Full Crow Moon, when the cawing of crows signaled the end of winter; or the Full Crust Moon, because the snow cover becomes crusted from thawing by day and freezing at night. The Full Sap Moon, marking the time of tapping maple trees, is another variation. To the settlers, it was also known as the Lenten Moon, and was considered to be the last full Moon of winter.

  • Tides
  • High:10:59am/11:20pm
  • Low:4:51am/4:59pm
  • Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
  • This Year:14.73
  • Last Year:11.76
  • Normal To Date:21.01
  • Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
  • Holidays
  • Earth Hour
  • Legal Assistants Day
  • Make Up Your Own Holiday Day
  • National Cherry Blossom Festival
  • Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianole Day
  • National Nougat Day
  • National Spinach Day
  • Independence Day-Bangladesh
  • Day Of Democracy-Mali
  • Youth Day-Vietnam
  • On This Day In …
  • 1827 --- Composer Ludwig van Beethoven died in Vienna, Austria, at age 56.
  • 1872 --- An earthquake felt from Mexico to Oregon rocks the Owens Valley in California on this day in 1872, killing 30 people. California, with the large San Andreas Fault running through the entire state, is a prime area for earthquakes. At 2:30 a.m. on March 26, a large quake hit Inyo County in the Owens Valley of central California. Worst-hit was Lone Pine, where 52 of the town's 59 homes were destroyed, killing 27 people as they slept. The ground moved a full seven feet horizontally in some places near Lone Pine. Major buildings in every town in Inyo were also seriously damaged. Given the reach of this quake—people hundreds of miles away in Tijuana, Mexico, felt the shaking—it is estimated that it had a magnitude of 7.8. One of most famous accounts of this earthquake came from explorer and scientist John Muir, the man who was instrumental in the establishment of Yosemite National Park. He was working as a caretaker at Black's Hotel in the area at the time and witnessed the destruction of the famed natural landmark Eagle Rock. He reported the following: The shocks were so violent and varied, and succeeded one another so closely, one had to balance in walking as if on the deck of a ship among the waves, and it seemed impossible the high cliffs should escape being shattered. In particular, I feared that the sheer-fronted Sentinel Rock, which rises to a height of three thousand feet, would be shaken down, and I took shelter back of a big Pine, hoping I might be protected from outbounding boulders, should any come so far. Then, suddenly, out of the strange silence and strange motion there came a tremendous roar. The Eagle Rock, a short distance up the valley, had given way, and I saw it falling in thousands of the great boulders I had been studying so long, pouring to the valley floor in a free curve luminous from friction, making a terribly sublime and beautiful spectacle—an arc of fire fifteen hundred feet span, as true in form and as steady as a rainbow, in the midst of the stupendous roaring rock-storm. For the next two months, there were literally a thousand aftershocks, though none were deadly.
  • 1885 --- The first commercial moving-picture film was produced in Rochester, NY. Eastman Kodak, the film and camera maker still manufactures a huge variety of film from the same place. Eastman Kodak was ‘developed’ by George Eastman. What does the word Kodak stand for? Nothing. One of the most widely recognized trademarks in the world was named because it had a unique sound that started with the letter K, and could be pronounced and spelled in almost any language. Film did go by the designation of Eastman Film at one time, but the name Kodak has been promoted as a lasting imprint in all forms of photography since 1892.
  • 1910 --- The U.S. Congress passed an amendment to the 1907 Immigration Act that barred criminals, paupers, anarchists and carriers of disease from settling in the U.S.
  • 1920 --- This Side of Paradise is published, immediately launching 23-year-old F. Scott Fitzgerald to fame and fortune.
  • 1936 --- The first telescope with a 200-inch-diameter, reflecting mirror was shipped -- very, very carefully -- from Corning, New York to Mt. Palomar Observatory in California. The lens of the Hale telescope weighed 20 tons. It was dedicated at Mt. Palomar in 1948.
  • 1937 --- The cities of Dilley, Texas, and Crystal City, Texas each erected a statue of Popeye, the cartoon character.
  • 1953 --- American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio. In 1952--an epidemic year for polio--there were 58,000 new cases reported in the United States, and more than 3,000 died from the disease. For promising eventually to eradicate the disease, which is known as "infant paralysis" because it mainly affects children, Dr. Salk was celebrated as the great doctor-benefactor of his time.
  • 1964 --- The musical "Funny Girl," starring Barbra Streisand, opened on Broadway.
  • 1969 --- A group called Women Strike for Peace demonstrate in Washington, D.C., in the first large antiwar demonstration since President Richard Nixon's inauguration in January.

The antiwar movement had initially given Nixon a chance to make good on his campaign promises to end the war in Vietnam. However, it became increasingly clear that Nixon had no quick solution. As the fighting dragged on, antiwar sentiment against the president and his handling of the war mounted steadily during his term in office.

  • 1973 --- Women were allowed on the floor of the London Stock Exchange for the first time.
  • 1979 --- In a ceremony at the White House, Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin sign a historic peace agreement, ending three decades of hostilities between Egypt and Israel and establishing diplomatic and commercial ties. Less than two years earlier, in an unprecedented move for an Arab leader, Sadat traveled to Jerusalem, Israel, to seek a permanent peace settlement with Egypt's Jewish neighbor after decades of conflict. Sadat's visit, in which he met with Begin and spoke before Israel's parliament, was met with outrage in most of the Arab world. Despite criticism from Egypt's regional allies, Sadat continued to pursue peace with Begin, and in September 1978 the two leaders met again in the United States, where they negotiated an agreement with U.S. President Jimmy Carter at Camp David, Maryland. The Camp David Accords, the first peace agreement between the state of Israel and one of its Arab neighbors, laid the groundwork for diplomatic and commercial relations. Seven months later, a formal peace treaty was signed. For their achievement, Sadat and Begin were jointly awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize for Peace. Sadat's peace efforts were not so highly acclaimed in the Arab world--Egypt was suspended from the Arab League, and on October 6, 1981, Muslim extremists assassinated Sadat in Cairo. Nevertheless, the peace process continued without Sadat, and in 1982 Egypt formally established diplomatic relations with Israel.
  • 1997 --- The 39 bodies of Heaven's Gate members are found in a mansion in Rancho Santa Fe, CA. The group had committed suicide thinking that they would be picked up by a spaceship following behind the comet Hale-Bopp.
  • 1999 --- In Michigan, Dr. Jack Kevorkian was convicted of second-degree murder for giving a terminally ill man a lethal injection and putting it all on videotape on September 17, 1998 for "60 Minutes."
  • 2000 --- Vladimir Putin was elected president of Russia.
  • Birthdays
  • Diana Ross
  • Robert Frost
  • Tennessee Williams
  • Joseph Campbell
  • Rep Nancy Pelosi
  • Steven Tyler
  • Justice Sandra Day O’Connor
  • Leonard Nimoy
  • Alan Arkin
  • James Caan
  • Erica Jong
  • Vicki Lawrence
  • Martin Short
  • Sec of Labor Elaine Chao
  • Leeza Gibbons
  • Keira Knightley
  • Al Jolson
  • Gen William Westmoreland
  • Sterling Hayden
  • Strother Martin
  • Bob Woodward
  • Teddy Pendergrass
  • Curtis Sliwa
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