5:33am

Tue March 27, 2012
KALW ALMANAC

Tuesday March 27, 2012

  • 87th Day of 2012 / 279 Remaining
  • 85 Days Until Summer Begins
  • Sunrise:7:02
  • Sunset:7:29
  • 12 Hr 27 Min
  • Moon Rise:9:42am
  • Moon Set:12:01am(wed)
  • Moon’s Phase: 23 %
  • The Next Full Moon
  • April 6 @ 2:20pm
  • Full Pink Moon
  • Full Fish Moon
  • Full Sprouting Grass Moon
  • Full Full Fish Moon
  • This name came from the herb moss pink, or wild ground phlox, which is one of the earliest widespread flowers of the spring. Other names for this month’s celestial body include the Full Sprouting Grass Moon, the Full Fish Moon, and among coastal tribes the Full Fish Moon, because this was the time that the shad swam upstream to spawn.
  • Tides
  • High:1:46am/3:37pm
  • Low:8:42am/8:30pm
  • Rainfall
  • This Year:10.35
  • Last Year:24.50
  • Normal To Date:20.04
  • Annual Average: 22.28
  • Holidays
  • Education and Sharing Day
  • Quirky Country Music Song Titles Day
  • Skyscraper Day
  • National Spanish Paella Day
  • National Joe Day
  • Summer Daylight Savings Time-Europe
  • Summer Time-UK
  • Armed Forces Day-Myanmar/Burma
  • Evacuation Day-Angola
  • Smell the Breezes Day-Egypt
  • On This Day In …
  • 1513 --- Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon sighted Florida.
  • 1866 --- U.S. President Andrew Johnson vetoed the civil rights bill, which later became the 14th amendment in 1868.
  • 1884 --- The first long-distance telephone call was made from Boston to New York.
  • 1899 --- The first international radio transmission between England and France was achieved by the Italian inventor G. Marconi.
  • 1904 --- Mary Jarris "Mother" Jones was ordered by Colorado state authorities to leave the state. She was accused of stirring up striking coal miners.
  • 1912 --- In Washington, D.C., Helen Taft, wife of President William Taft, and the Viscountess Chinda, wife of the Japanese ambassador, plant two Yoshina cherry trees on the northern bank of the Potomac River, near the Jefferson Memorial. The event was held in celebration of a gift, by the Japanese government, of 3,020 cherry trees to the U.S. government. The planting of Japanese cherry trees along the Potomac was first proposed by socialite Eliza Scidmore, who raised money for the endeavor. Helen Taft had lived in Japan while her husband was president of the Philippine Commission, and knowing the beauty of cherry blossoms she embraced Scidmore's idea. After learning of the first lady's interest, the Japanese consul in New York suggested making a gift of the trees to the U.S. government from the city of Tokyo. In January 1910, 2,000 Japanese cherry trees arrived in Washington from Japan but had fallen prey to disease during the journey. In response, a private Japanese citizen donated the funds to transport a new batch of trees, and 3,020 specimens were taken from the famous collection on the bank of the Arakawa River in Adachi Ward, a suburb of Tokyo. In March 1912, the trees arrived in Washington, and on March 27 the first two trees were planted along the Potomac River's Tidal Basin in a formal ceremony. The rest of the trees were then planted along the basin, in East Potomac Park, and on the White House grounds. The blossoming trees proved immediately popular with visitors to Washington's Mall area, and in 1934 city commissioners sponsored a three-day celebration of the late March blossoming of the trees, which grew into the annual Cherry Blossom Festival. After World War II, cuttings from Washington's cherry trees were sent back to Japan to restore the Tokyo collection that was decimated by American bombing attacks during the war.
  • 1917 --- The Seattle Metropolitans became the first U.S. team to win hockey's Stanley Cup by defeating the Montreal Canadiens.
  • 1939 --- The University of Oregon defeats The Ohio State University 46–33 to win the first-ever NCAA men’s basketball tournament. The Final Four, as the tournament became known, has grown exponentially in size and popularity since 1939. By 2005, college basketball had become the most popular sporting event among gamblers, after the Super Bowl. The majority of that betting takes place at tournament time, when Las Vegas, the internet and office pools around the country see action from sports enthusiasts and once-a-year gamblers alike. For the first 12 years of the men’s tournament, only eight teams were invited to participate. That number grew steadily until a 65-team tournament format was unveiled in 2001. After a "play-in" game between the 64th and 65th seeds, the tournament breaks into four regions of 16 teams. The winning teams from those regions comprise the Final Four, who meet in that year’s host city to decide the championship.
  • 1945 --- Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys recorded "It’s Only a Paper Moon."  Ella had previously recorded the song in 1938.
  • 1950 --- Jazz pianist Erroll Garner became one of the first jazz instrumentalists to give a solo concert. He played the Music Hall in Cleveland, OH. In 1954, Garner would gain international applause for writing and recording a standard that has been presented many times since: Misty. Johnny Mathis and Sarah Vaughan are but two of many recording artists to offer vocal renditions of this renowned Garner composition. Play Misty for me.
  • 1958 --- CBS Laboratories announced a new stereophonic record that was playable on ordinary LP phonographs, meaning, monaural. In stereo, on the proper equipment, a new rich and fuller sound was heard. It eventually became a standard for record and equipment buyers.
  • 1958 --- Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev replaces Nicolay Bulganin as Soviet premier, becoming the first leader since Joseph Stalin to simultaneously hold the USSR's two top offices. Khrushchev, born into a Ukrainian peasant family in 1894, worked as a mine mechanic before joining the Soviet Communist Party in 1918. In 1929, he went to Moscow and steadily rose in the party ranks and in 1938 was made first secretary of the Ukrainian Communist Party. He became a close associate of Joseph Stalin, the authoritarian leader of the Soviet Union since 1924. In 1953, Stalin died, and Khrushchev grappled with Stalin's chosen successor, Georgy Malenkov, for the position of first secretary of the Communist Party. Khrushchev won the power struggle, and Malenkov was made premier, a more ceremonial post. In 1955, Malenkov was replaced by Bulganin, Khrushchev's hand-picked nominee.
  • 1964 --- The strongest earthquake in American history, measuring 8.4 on the Richter scale, slams southern Alaska, creating a deadly tsunami. Some 125 people were killed and thousands injured. The massive earthquake had its epicenter in the Prince William Sound, about eight miles northeast of Anchorage, but approximately 300,000 square miles of U.S., Canadian, and international territory were affected. Anchorage, Alaska's largest city, sustained the most property damage, with about 30 blocks of dwellings and commercial buildings damaged or destroyed in the downtown area. Fifteen people were killed or fatally injured as a direct result of the three-minute quake, and then the ensuing tsunami killed another 110 people. The tidal wave, which measured over 100 feet at points, devastated towns along the Gulf of Alaska and caused carnage in British Columbia, Canada; Hawaii; and the West Coast of the United States, where 15 people died. Total property damage was estimated in excess of $400 million. The day after the quake, President Lyndon B. Johnson declared Alaska an official disaster area.
  • 1971 --- UCLA became the first team ever to win five consecutive NCAA basketball titles. The Bruins defeated Villanova 68-62. UCLA, under coaching legend John Wooden, dominated NCAA tournament play until 1974, when North Carolina State won the tourney. The Bruins roared back in one season to win the championship once more.
  • 1973 --- "The Godfather" won the Academy Award for best picture of 1972, but star Marlon Brando, refused to accept the Oscar for best actor. Liza Minnelli won best actress for "Cabaret."
  • 1981 --- While setting up a demonstration of a working oil rig at the county fairgrounds, the Abilene, Texas, Chamber of Commerce struck real oil.
  • 1996 --- While trying to steal industrial glue from a factory in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, a burglar knocked over two large buckets of the adhesive. When police arrived the next day, the burglar was sleeping, glued to the floor.
  • 2007 --- NFL owners voted to make instant replay a permanent officiating tool.
  • Birthdays
  • Sarah Vaughan
  • Mariah Carey
  • Quentin Tarantino
  • Fergie (Black Eyed Peas)
  • Michael York
  • Alfred-Victor Vigny
  • Pee Wee Russell
  • Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
  • Judy Carne
  • Cale Yarborough
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