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Tuesday October 29, 2013
- 302nd Day of 2013 / 63 Remaining
- 53 Days Until The First Day of Winter
- 10 Hours 40 Minutes of Daylight
- Moon Rise:2:33am
- Moon Set:3:26pm
- Moon’s Phase: 24 %
- The Next Full Moon
- November 17 @ 7:16am
- Full Beaver Moon
- Full Frosty Moon
This was the time to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. Another interpretation suggests that the name Full Beaver Moon comes from the fact that the beavers are now actively preparing for winter. It is sometimes also referred to as the Frosty Moon.
- Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
- Normal To Date:1.30
- This Year:0.44
- Last Year:1.25
- Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
- National Cat Day
- National Forgiveness Day
- Oatmeal Day
- International Internet Day
- Republic Day-Turkey
- Creole Day-Dominica
- Naming Day-Tanzania
- National Youth Day-Liberia
- On This Day In …
- 1618 --- Sir Walter Raleigh, English adventurer, writer, and favorite courtier of Queen Elizabeth I, is beheaded in London, under a sentence brought against him 15 years earlier for conspiracy against King James I. During Elizabeth's reign, Raleigh organized three major expeditions to America, including the first English settlement in America, in 1587—the ill-fated Roanoke settlement located in present-day North Carolina. Raleigh later fell out of favor with Elizabeth after she learned of his secret marriage to Bessy Throckmorton, one of her maids-of-honor, and he was imprisoned with his wife in the Tower of London. After buying his freedom, Raleigh married Bessy and distanced himself from the jealous English queen. After Elizabeth died in 1603, Raleigh was implicated as a foe of King James I and imprisoned with a death sentence. The death sentence was later commuted, and in 1616 Raleigh was freed to lead an expedition to the New World, this time to establish a gold mine in the Orinoco River region of South America. However, the expedition was a failure, and when Raleigh returned to England the death sentence of 1603 was invoked against him.
- 1652 --- The Massachusetts Bay Colony proclaimed itself to be an independent commonwealth.
- 1923 --- Turkey formally became a republic after the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. The first president was Mustafa Kemal, later known as Kemal Ataturk.
- 1929 --- Black Tuesday hits Wall Street as investors trade 16,410,030 shares on the New York Stock Exchange in a single day. Billions of dollars were lost, wiping out thousands of investors,
and stock tickers ran hours behind because the machinery could not handle the tremendous volume of trading. In the aftermath of Black Tuesday, America and the rest of the industrialized world spiraled downward into the Great Depression. During the 1920s the U.S. stock market underwent rapid expansion, reaching its peak in August 1929, a period of wild speculation. By then, production had already declined and unemployment had risen, leaving stocks in great excess of their real value. Among the other causes of the eventual market collapse were low wages, the proliferation of debt, a weak agriculture, and an excess of large bank loans that could not be liquidated.
- 1945 --- The first U.S. commercially made ballpoint pens are sold for $12.50 each at Gimbel's Department store in New York City.
- 1948 --- Killer smog continues to hover over Donora, Pennsylvania, on this day in 1948. Over a five-day period, the smog killed about 20 people and made thousands more seriously ill. Donora was a town of 14,000 people on the Monongahela River in a valley surrounded by hills. The town was home to steel mills and a zinc smelting plant that had released excessive amounts of sulphuric acid, carbon monoxide and other pollutants into the atmosphere for years prior to the disaster. During the 1920s, the owner of the zinc plant, Zinc Works, paid off local residents for damages caused by the pollution. Still, there was little or no regulation of the air pollution caused by the industries of Donora. The Donora smog disaster received national attention when it was reported by Walter Winchell on his radio show. In the aftermath, air pollution finally became a matter of public concern; the incident led to the passage of 1955 Clean Air Act. The Donora Zinc Works shuttered operations in 1957. Although the types of heavy visible pollutants responsible for the deaths in Donora have now been mostly outlawed and eliminated, invisible pollutants such as ozone remain a threat to people with chronic respiratory ailments.
- 1956 --- John Cameron Swayze and The Camel News Caravan were replaced by Chet Huntley and David Brinkley on NBC-TV. The
Huntley-Brinkley Report clicked so well that the respected newsmen reported nightly until July of 1970.
- 1956 --- Israeli armed forces push into Egypt toward the Suez Canal, initiating the Suez Crisis. They would soon be joined by French and British forces, creating a serious Cold War problem in the Middle East.
- 1960 --- Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay) won his first professional fight.
- 1962 --- The Beach Boys' debut album, "Surfin' Safari," was released.
- 1966 --- The National Organization for Women was founded.
- 1971 --- Duane Allman, a slide guitarist and the leader of the Allman Brothers Band, is killed when he loses control of his motorcycle and drives into the side of a flatbed truck in Macon, Georgia. He was 24 years old. After Allman's death, his band continued to tour and record and it is still together today. In 2004, Rolling Stone declared that the Allman Brothers were the 52nd-greatest rock band of all time.
- 1983 --- Pink Floyd’s Dark Side of the Moon became the longest-charting album of all time when it logged its 491st week on the Billboard Top 200 album chart. The previous champ had been
Johnny’s Greatest Hits, by Johnny Mathis (490 weeks: April 1958-July 1968). Dark Side of the Moon stayed on the chart for 724 consecutive weeks (740 weeks altogether) and didn’t drop off until July 13, 1988. Michael Jackson’s Thriller sold the most copies ever -- 40 million -- but it spent ‘only’ 122 weeks on the album chart.
- 1990 --- The Byrds, LaVern Baker, John Lee Hooker, The Impressions, Wilson Pickett, Jimmy Reed and Ike & Tina Turner were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- 1995 --- Jerry Rice of the San Francisco 49ers became the NFL's career leader in receiving yards with 14,040 yards.
- 1998 --- South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission condemned both apartheid and violence committed by the African National Congress.
- 1998 --- Nearly four decades after he became the first American to orbit the Earth, Senator John Hershel Glenn, Jr., is launched into space again as a payload specialist aboard the space shuttle
Discovery. At 77 years of age, Glenn was the oldest human ever to travel in space. During the nine-day mission, he served as part of a NASA study on health problems associated with aging.
- 1998 --- The oldest known copy of Archimedes' work sold for $2 million at a New York auction.
- 1998 --- East Bay Ray, Klaus Flouride and D.H. Peligro, all former members of the Dead Kennedys, filed suit against Jello Biafra. The claim was that the former lead singer had diverted money owed to the other band members for his own use.
- 2012 --- 900 mile wide Hurricane Superstorm 'Sandy' with 90 mph winds hits the East Coast of the U.S. Sandy drops up to 12 inches of rain; record 32.5 foot wave in NY harbor; 14 foot storm surge floods New York subways; shuts down Wall Street for several days;
causes blizzards in West Virginia and Maryland; floods communities in 23 states; cuts power to more than 8 million residents; destroys beaches up and down the Eastern U.S. The worst storm in U.S. history.
- Fanny Brice
- Winona Ryder
- Peter Green
- Denny Laine
- Melba Moore
- Richard Dreyfuss
- Kate Jackson
- Dan Castellaneta
- Randy Jackson
- Zoot Sims
- Diane Elise Fratus
- Dominic Dunne