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Wednesday April 9, 2014
By Joe Burke
- 99th Day of 2014 266 Days Remaining
- 74 Days Until Summer Begins
- Sunrise 6:41
- Sunset 7:40
- 12 Hours 59 Minutes
- Moon Rise 2:38pm
- Moon Set 3:31am
- Moon Phase 98 %
- This year 12.30
- Last year 16.31
- Normal 22.00
- Baby Massage Day
- Jenkins's Ear Day
- National Cherish an Antique Day
- National Chinese Almond Cookie Day
- National Gin & Tonic Day
- Martyr's Day-Tunisia
- National Day-Iraq
- Memorial Day-Georgia
- Mikael Agricola Day-Finland
- On This Day In History
- 0715 --- Constantine ended his reign as Catholic Pope.
- 1731 --- Robert Jenkins's ear was cut off, sparking the War of Jenkins’s Ear between Spain and England.
- 1770 --- Captain James Cook discovered Botany Bay on the Australian continent.
- 1859 --- 23-year-old Missouri youth named Samuel Langhorne Clemens receives his steamboat pilot's license. Clemens had signed on as a pilot's apprentice in 1857 while on his way to Mississippi. He had been commissioned to write a series of comic
- 1865 --- At Appomattox, Virginia, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders his 28,000 troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant, effectively ending the American Civil War. Forced to abandon the Confederate capital of Richmond, blocked from joining the surviving Confederate force in North Carolina, and harassed constantly by Union cavalry, Lee had no other option. In retreating from the Union army's Appomattox Campaign, the Army of Northern Virginia had stumbled through the Virginia countryside stripped of food and supplies. At one point, Union cavalry forces under General Philip Sheridan had actually outrun Lee's army, blocking their retreat and taking 6,000 prisoners at Sayler's Creek. Desertions were mounting daily, and by April 8 the Confederates were surrounded with no possibility of escape. On April 9, Lee sent a message to
- 1912 --- The Boston Red Sox defeated Harvard 2-0 on this, the day that Fenway Park was opened for the first time. Ted Williams, Carl Yastrzemski, Carlton Fisk, Jim Rice, Roger Clemens, and Babe Ruth played ball at Fenway and faced the ‘Green Monster’, the huge wall in left field. Until the Humane Society ordered him to stop, Ted
- 1913 --- The Brooklyn Dodgers' Ebbets Field opened.
- 1928 --- Mae West made her glamorous debut on Broadway in the classic production of Diamond Lil.
- 1939 --- More than 75,000 people come to the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., to hear famed African-American contralto Marian Anderson give a free open-air concert. Anderson had been scheduled to sing at Washington's Constitution Hall, but the Daughters of the American Revolution, a political organization that helped manage the concert hall, denied her the right to perform
- 1940 --- During World War II, Nazi Germany invades neutral Norway, surprising the Norwegian and British defenders of the country and capturing several strategic points along the Norwegian coast. During the invasion's preliminary phase, Norwegian Fascists under Vidkun Quisling acted as a so-called fifth column for the German invaders, seizing Norway's nerve centers, spreading false rumors, and occupying military bases and other locations. In June, Norway fell to the Nazis.
- 1947 --- Branch Rickey of the Brooklyn Dodgers announced the purchase of the baseball contract that would bring slugger Jackie Roosevelt Robinson to the Dodgers from Montreal.
- 1953 --- Warner Brothers, the first of the major Hollywood studios to introduce 3-D motion pictures, chose this day to premiere The House of Wax at the Paramount Theatre in New York City. The stage show preceding the movie was headed by singer Eddie Fisher. The film’s stars, Vincent Price, Phyllis Kirk and Frank Lovejoy attended the premiere. A precursor to Warner’s 3-D presentation occurred in 1922 when The Power of Love opened in
- 1953 --- Bowing to pressure stirred up by Sen Joe McCarthy’s Senate hearings alleging infiltration of Communist reds in the United States in government, politics and entertainment, Cincinnati baseball officials said that the National League team wanted to be known as the Redlegs and not the Reds.
- 1959 --- The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) introduces America's first astronauts to the press: Scott Carpenter, L. Gordon Cooper Jr., John H. Glenn Jr., Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Walter Schirra Jr., Alan Shepard Jr., and Donald Slayton. The seven
- 1965 --- The entire cast of the comic strip 'Peanuts' was featured on the cover of TIME magazine.
- 1965 --- Major-league baseball played its first indoor game. President Lyndon B. Johnson attended the opening of the Astrodome in Houston, Texas. The indoor stadium was termed the ‘Eighth Wonder of the World’.
- 1969 --- The album "Nashville Skyline" by Bob Dylan was released.
- 1969 --- The Chicago Eight, indicted on federal charges of conspiracy to incite a riot at the 1968 Democratic convention in Chicago, plead not guilty. The trial for the eight antiwar activists had begun in Chicago on March 20. The defendants included David Dellinger of the National Mobilization Committee (NMC); Rennie
- 1976 --- Phil Ochs committed suicide at the age of 35.
- 1992 --- Former Panamanian ruler Manuel Noriega was convicted in Miami of eight drug and racketeering charges.
- Paul Robeson
- Gregory Pincus
- Kristen Stewart
- Jim Fowler
- Dennis Quaid
- Paulina Porizkova
- Keisha Knight Pullam
- Sol Hurok
- Curly Lambeau
- Ward Bond