5:34am

Wed February 27, 2013
KALW Almanac

Wednesday February 27, 2013

1973
1973

  • 58th Day of 2013 / 307 Remaining
  • 21 Days Until The First Day of Spring
  • Sunrise:6:43
  • Sunset:6:02
  • 11 Hours 19 Minutes of Daylight
  • Moon Rise:8:24pm
  • Moon Set:7:26am
  • Moon’s Phase: 96 %
  • The Next Full Moon
  • March 27 @ 2:30am
  • Full Worm Moon
  • Full Crust Moon
  • Full Lenten Moon
  • Full Crow Moon
  • Full Sap Moon

As the temperature begins to warm and the ground begins to thaw, earthworm casts appear, heralding the return of the robins. The more northern tribes knew this Moon as the Full Crow Moon, when the cawing of crows signaled the end of winter; or the Full Crust Moon, because the snow cover becomes crusted from thawing by day and freezing at night. The Full Sap Moon, marking the time of tapping maple trees, is another variation. To the settlers, it was also known as the Lenten Moon, and was considered to be the last full Moon of winter.

  • Tides
  • High:9:14am/11:11pm
  • Low:2:50am/4:06pm
  • Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
  • This Year:14.35
  • Last Year:6.87
  • Normal To Date:17.94
  • Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
  • Holidays
  • National Kahlua Day
  • No Brainer Day
  • Independence Day-Dominican Republic
  • International Polar Bear Day
  • On This Day In …
  • 1827 --- A group of masked and costumed students dance through the streets of New Orleans, Louisiana, marking the beginning of the city's famous Mardi Gras celebrations. The celebration of Carnival--or the weeks between Twelfth Night on January 6 and Ash Wednesday, the beginning of the Christian period of Lent--spread from Rome across Europe and later to the Americas. Nowhere in the United States is Carnival celebrated as grandly as in New Orleans, famous for its over-the-top parades and parties for Mardi Gras (or Fat Tuesday), the last day of the Carnival season. Though early French settlers brought the tradition of Mardi Gras to Louisiana at the end of the 17th century, Spanish governors of the province later banned the celebrations. After Louisiana became part of the United States in 1803, New Orleanians managed to convince the city council to lift the ban on wearing masks and partying in the streets. The city's new Mardi Gras tradition began in 1827 when the group of students, inspired by their experiences studying in Paris, donned masks and jester costumes and staged their own Fat Tuesday festivities. The parties grew more and more popular, and in 1833 a rich plantation owner named Bernard Xavier de Marigny de Mandeville raised money to fund an official Mardi Gras celebration. After rowdy revelers began to get violent during the 1850s, a secret society called the Mistick Krewe of Comus staged the first large-scale, well-organized Mardi Gras parade in 1857. Over time, hundreds of krewes formed, building elaborate and colorful floats for parades held over the two weeks leading up to Fat Tuesday. Riders on the floats are usually local citizens who toss "throws" at passersby, including metal coins, stuffed toys or those now-infamous strands of beads. Though many tourists mistakenly believe Bourbon Street and the historic French Quarter are the heart of Mardi Gras festivities, none of the major parades have been allowed to enter the area since 1979 because of its narrow streets.
  • 1861 --- In Warsaw, Russian troops fired on a crowd protesting Russian rule over Poland. Five protesting marchers were killed in the incident.
  • 1879 --- Saccharin, an artificial sweetener, was discovered by Constantine Fahlberg and Ira Remsen at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. The FDA has required warning labels, since 1972, on products using saccharin because it is a suspected carcinogen.
  • 1922 --- The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the 19th Amendment that guaranteed women the right to vote.
  • 1922 --- Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover convened the first National Radio Conference in Washington, DC. There, industry regulations were widely discussed. Hoover would later become U.S. President and have a dam named after him.
  • 1951 -- The 22nd Amendment to the Constitution, limiting a president to two terms of office, was ratified.
  • 1960 --- Family Circle comic strip debuted in newspapers. When Family Circle magazine complained, cartoonist Bil Keane renamed it The Family Circus.
  • 1970 --- Simon and Garfunkel received a gold record for the single, Bridge Over Troubled Water. The duo was so impressed with their deserved achievement that they played the gold disc on their stereo. But they heard Mitch Miller’s Bridge on the River Kwai instead.
  • 1973 --- Angered over a long history of violated treaties, mistreatment, and discrimination, 200 members of the American Indian Movement (AIM) occupy the tiny hamlet of Wounded Knee, South Dakota. Former Sioux and Ojibwa convicts attempting to stop police harassment of Indians in the Minneapolis area founded the American Indian Movement in 1968. Borrowing some tactics from the antiwar student demonstrators of the era, AIM soon gained national notoriety for its flamboyant protests. Many mainstream Indian leaders, though, denounced the youth-dominated group as too radical. In 1972, a faction of AIM members led by Dennis Banks and Leonard Peltier sought to close the divide by making alliances with traditional tribal elders on reservations. They had their greatest success on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota, after a group of young whites murdered a Sioux Indian named Yellow Thunder. Although Yellow Thunder's attackers only received six-year prison sentences, this was widely seen as a victory by the local Sioux accustomed to unfair treatment by the racist Anglo judicial system. AIM's highly visible publicity campaign on the case was given considerable credit for the verdict, winning the organization a great deal of respect on the reservation. AIM's growing prestige and influence, however, threatened the conservative Sioux tribal chairman, Dick Wilson. When Wilson learned of a planned AIM protest against his administration at Pine Ridge, he retreated to tribal headquarters where he was under the protection of federal marshals and Bureau of Indian Affairs police. Rather than confront the police in Pine Ridge, AIM decided to occupy the symbolically significant hamlet of Wounded Knee, the site of an 1890 massacre of a band of unarmed Sioux by the U.S. Cavalry. Wilson, with the backing of the federal government, responded by besieging Wounded Knee. During the 71 days of the siege, federal officers and AIM members exchanged gunfire almost nightly. Two Native Americans were killed and a federal marshal permanently paralyzed by a bullet wound. The leaders of AIM finally surrendered after a negotiated settlement was reached. In a subsequent trial, the judge ordered their acquittal because of evidence that the FBI had manipulated key witnesses. AIM emerged victorious and succeeded in shining a national spotlight on the problems of modern Native Americans.
  • 1977 --- Keith Richards' (Rolling Stones) Toronto hotel suite was raided by Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Richards was arrested and charged possession of heroin with the intent to traffic and possession of cocaine. He was release on $25,000 bail.
  • 1987 --- The longest-running program on the Public Broadcasting System (PBS), Washington Week In Review, celebrated its 20th anniversary.
  • 1990 --- The Exxon Corporation and Exxon Shipping were indicted on five criminal counts in reference to the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.
  • 1991 --- At 9 p.m. (EST), U.S. President George Bush said, “Kuwait is liberated. Iraq’s army is defeated. I am pleased to announce that at midnight tonight, exactly 100 hours since ground operations began and six weeks since the start of Operation Desert Storm, all United States and coalition forces will suspend offensive combat operations.”
  • 1997 --- Divorce became legal in Ireland.
  • 1998 --- Britain's House of Lords agreed to give a monarch's first-born daughter the same claim to the throne as any first-born son. This was the end to 1,000 years of male preference.
  • 2002 --- A mob of Muslims set fire to a train carrying hundreds of Hindu nationalists in Godhra, India; some 60 people died.
  • Birthdays
  • Marian Anderson
  • Elizabeth Taylor
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
  • John Steinbeck
  • Justice Hugo Black
  • Ralph Nader
  • Howard Hesseman
  • Neal Schon
  • Chelsea Clinton
  • Alice Hamilton
  • John Connally
  • Joanne Woodward
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