5:40am

Wed June 19, 2013
KALW Almanac

Wednesday June 19, 2013

1972

  • 170th Day of 2013 / 195 Remaining
  • 2 Days Until The First Day of Summer
  • Sunrise:5:47
  • Sunset:8:34
  • 14 Hours 47 Minutes of Daylight
  • Moon Rise:4:36pm
  • Moon Set:2:32am
  • Moon’s Phase:81 %
  • The Next Full Moon
  • June 23 @ 4:33am
  • Full Strawberry Moon
  • Full Rose Moon

The Strawberry Moon was universal to every Algonquin tribe. However, in Europe they called it the Rose Moon. Also because the relatively short season for harvesting strawberries comes each year during the month of June . . . so the full Moon that occurs during that month was christened for the strawberry!

  • Tides
  • High:8:39am/7:57pm
  • Low:2:11am/1:31pm
  • Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
  • Normal To Date:23.80
  • This Year:16.36
  • Last Year:15.77
  • Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
  • Holidays
  • Emancipation Day/ Juneteenth
  • Family Awareness Day
  • Father's Day
  • Husband Caregiver Day
  • National Martini
  • World Sauntering Day
  • Artigas Day-Uruguay
  • Independence Day-Kuwait
  • Righting Day-Algeria
  • On This Day In …
  • 240BC --- Eratosthenes estimated the circumference of the Earth using two sticks.
  • 1846 --- The first organized baseball game was played on this day. The location was Hoboken, New Jersey. The New York Baseball Club defeated the Knickerbocker Club, 23 to 1. This first game was only four innings long. The New York Nine, as the winners were known, must have really studied the rules to have twenty-three runs batted in. The rules had been formulated just one year earlier by a Mr. Alexander Cartwright, Jr.
  • 1865 --- It took more than two-and-a-half years after Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation went into effect for Union troops to land in Galveston, Texas. They carried the message of freedom, the resolution of the Civil War between the States, to the many slaves throughout Texas. Union Major General Gordon Granger read General Order #3: “The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.” The slaves rejoiced with cheers and tears as they learned of their liberation, calling their “day of deliverance,” Juneteenth, a day still celebrated by black families and communities throughout the world.
  • 1910 --- Father's Day was celebrated for the first time, in Spokane, Wash.
  • 1912 --- The United States government adopted a new rule for all working folks. It established an 8-hour work day.
  • 1934 --- The U.S. Congress established the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The task of the commission was to regulate radio and (later) TV broadcasting.
  • 1939 --- In Atlanta, GA, legislation was enacted that disallowed pinball machines in the city.
  • 1941 --- General Mills introduced 'Cherioats.' The name was changed to 'Cherrios' in 1945.
  • 1946 --- The first championship prizefight to be televised was seen by boxing fans. Joe Louis tangled with Billy Conn in New York City. To see the fight in person, incidentally, would have cost you $100.
  • 1952 --- CBS-TV debuted one of television’s most popular hits, I’ve Got a Secret. Garry Moore was the first host, from 1952 to 1964. Steve Allen was next (1964 to 1967) and moderated a syndicated version in the 1972-1973 season. Bill Cullen hosted the attempted comeback of the show in 1976.
  • 1953 --- Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, who were convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviets, are executed at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York. Both refused to admit any wrongdoing and proclaimed their innocence right up to the time of their deaths, by the electric chair. The Rosenbergs were the first U.S. citizens to be convicted and executed for espionage during peacetime and their case remains controversial to this day.
  • 1964 --- Civil Rights Act of 1964 was approved after surviving an 83-day filibuster in the United States Senate.
  • 1970 --- Carole King began her career in music as a young newlywed and college graduate, working a 9-to-5 shift alongside her then-husband, Gerry Goffin, in Don Kirshner's songwriting factory, Aldon Music. It was there, working in a cubicle with a piano, staff paper and tape recorder that she co-wrote her first hit song (the Shirelles' "Will You Love Me Tomorrow," 1960), her second and third hit songs (the Drifters' "Some Kind Of Wonderful" and Bobby Vee's "Take Good Care Of My Baby," both 1961), her 14th and 17th hit songs (the Chiffons' "One Fine Day," 1963, and Herman's Hermits' "Something Tells Me I'm Into Something Good," 1964) and so on and so forth. It was not until 10 years after her songwriting breakthrough, however, that Carole King finally fulfilled her long-held dream of having her own hit record as both singer and songwriter. On June 19, 1971, she earned her first #1 single as a performer with the double-sided hit "It's Too Late/I Feel The Earth Move."
  • 1972 --- The Supreme Court rules against Curt Flood in Flood v. Kuhn, denying Flood free agency as a baseball player. Flood was trying to break the reserve clause that had tied baseball players to one franchise since the establishment of professional baseball. Curt Flood was traded from the St. Louis Cardinals to the Philadelphia Phillies following the 1969 season. The Cardinals were among the premiere franchises in baseball, and they had won the World Series in 1964 and 1967 with Flood patrolling centerfield. A career .293 hitter, Flood hit .300 six times in his 10 seasons with the Cardinals (1959-1969), and won a Gold Glove Award for fielding seven consecutive years (1963-1969). He was a star player, and he was loath to leave St. Louis for Philadelphia to play for a second-rate team with a reputation for racism among the home fans. Flood consulted Marvin Miller, executive director of the Player’s Union and a savvy negotiator and labor expert who had already successfully introduced collective bargaining to the major leagues. Miller was convinced that Flood would lose his battle in court in addition to his baseball career. Still, Flood decided to move forward, and in a December 1969 letter to baseball commissioner Bowie Kuhn, he stated his desire to become a free agent, which would give him the power to decide for which team he would play. Kuhn ignored the letter. Flood v. Kuhn was argued in May and June 1970 in the southern district of New York. Flood was represented by Arthur Goldberg, a legendary labor lawyer who later became a U.S. Supreme Court justice, but a heavyweight attorney was not enough. After losing in U.S. District Court and then the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals, the case was argued in front of the Supreme Court beginning in March 1972. The opinion, delivered by Justice Harry Blackmun, affirmed the 1922 Federal Baseball Club v. National League opinion of Oliver Wendell Holmes that baseball is a sport and not a business, and therefore exempt from anti-trust law. The blistering dissent by Justices Thurgood Marshall, William Brennan and William O. Douglas maintained that the ruling was incorrect because baseball was and is a business, and a big business, packaged with liquor sales, broadcasting and many other industries. As Miller predicted, Curt Flood never played baseball again. Three years later, in 1975, an independent arbitrator ruled in a similar case brought by Andy Messersmith and Dave McNally that the men were free of their contractual obligations and could file for free agency. Today, free agency is as much a part of baseball as Cracker Jack and hot dogs.
  • 1985 --- Take heart, duffers! Angelo Spagnolo shot an incredible 257 -- that’s two-hundred, fifty-seven strokes -- to win the Worst Avid Golfer’s Tournament held at Ponte Vedra, FL. He earned the title of America’s Worst Recreational Hacker for the effort. He lost 60 golf balls, got a 66 on the 17th hole, and hit 27 balls into the water!
  • 1987 --- Ben & Jerry Ice Cream introduced a new Ice Cream flavor, Cherry Garcia.
  • 1998 --- Switzerland's three largest banks offered $600 million to settle claims they'd stolen the assets of Holocaust victims during World War II. Jewish leaders called the offer insultingly low.
  • 2000 --- The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a group prayer led by students at public-school football games violated the 1st Amendment's principle that called for the separation of church and state.
  • Birthdays
  • Aun San Suu Kyi
  • Lou Gehrig
  • Moe Howard
  • Garfield (1978)
  • Gena Rowlands
  • Salman Rushdie
  • Ann Wilson
  • Kathleen Turner
  • Blaise Pascal
  • Wallis Warfield Windsor
  • Guy Lombardo
  • Abe Fortas
  • Lester Flatt
  • Pauline Kael
  • Louis Jordan
  • Spanky MacFarlane
  • Phylicia Rashad
  • Paula Abdul
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