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Wednesday November 13, 2013
- 317th Day of 2013 / 48 Remaining
- 38 Days Until The First Day of Winter
- 10 Hours 10 Minutes of Daylight
- Moon Rise:2:46pm
- Moon Set:2:51am
- Moon’s Phase: 85%
- The Next Full Moon
- November 17 @ 7:16am
- Full Beaver Moon
- Full Frosty Moon
This was the time to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. Another interpretation suggests that the name Full Beaver Moon comes from the fact that the beavers are now actively preparing for winter. It is sometimes also referred to as the Frosty Moon.
- Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
- Normal To Date:2.60
- This Year:0.44
- Last Year:1.83
- Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
- National Indian Pudding Day
- World Kindness Day
- Remembrance Sunday-UK
- On This Day In …
- 1789 --- Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter to a friend in which he said, "In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes."
- 1805 --- Johann George Lehner, a Viennese butcher, invented a recipe and called it the "frankfurter."
- 1921 --- That great romancer of the silver screen, Rudolph Valentino, starred in The Sheik. The Sheik firmly established Valentino’s
popular reputation as the Great Lover, and his last film, the comical Son of the Sheik (1926), sealed that title.
- 1927 --- After seven years of construction and over $48 million, the Holland Tunnel, New York City’s connection to Jersey City, NJ,
opened to traffic. It was named after the chief engineer of construction, Clifford Milburn Holland, who died before the tunnel was completed.
- 1933 --- The first sit-down strike was started. The U.S. Workers at the Hormel Packing Company plant in Austin, Minnesota (the home of SPAM) took action against management.
- 1937 --- NBC formed the first full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio broadcasting. The conductor for its first 17 years was Arturo Toscanini.
- 1940 --- The Walt Disney movie "Fantasia" had its world premiere at New York's Broadway Theater.
- 1945 --- President Harry Truman announces the establishment of a panel of inquiry to look into the settlement of Jews in Palestine. In the last weeks of World War II, the Allies liberated one death camp after another in which the German Nazi regime had held and slaughtered millions of Jews. Surviving Jews in the formerly Nazi-occupied territories were left without family, homes, jobs or savings. In August 1945, Truman received the Harrison report, which detailed the plight of Jews in post-war Germany, and it became clear to him that something had to be done to speed up the process of finding Jewish refugees a safe place to live. In late August, Truman contacted British Prime Minister Clement Attlee to propose that Jewish refugees be allowed to immigrate to Palestine, which at the time was occupied by Britain. Attlee responded that he would look into the matter and asked for a joint Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry to examine the complicated issue of integrating Jewish settlers into territory that was home to an Arab majority. Meanwhile, two U.S. senators introduced a resolution in Congress demanding the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine.
- 1946 --- The first artificial snow was produced -- by Vincent J. Schaefer over Mt. Greylock, Massachusetts.
- 1953 --- Mrs. Thomas J. White of the Indiana Textbook Commission, calls for the removal of references to the book Robin Hood from textbooks used by the state's schools. Mrs. Young claimed that there was "a Communist directive in education now to stress the story of Robin Hood because he robbed the rich and gave it to the poor. That's the Communist line. It's just a smearing of law and order and anything that disrupts law and order is their meat."
- 1956 --- The Supreme Court struck down laws calling for racial segregation on public buses.
- 1968 --- This was a good day for The Beatles. Their movie, Yellow Submarine, premiered in the U.S. and the single, Hey Jude, topped
the pop music charts (it was in its 7th of 9 weeks at #1).
- 1969 --- In Washington, as a prelude to the second moratorium against the war scheduled for the following weekend, protesters stage a symbolic "March Against Death." The march began at 6 p.m. and drew over 45,000 participants, each with a placard bearing the name of a soldier who had died in Vietnam. The marchers began at
Arlington National Cemetery and continued past the White House, where they called out the names of the dead. The march lasted for two days and nights. This demonstration and the moratorium that followed did not produce a change in official policy--although President Nixon was deeply angered by the protests, he publicly feigned indifference and they had no impact on his prosecution of the war.
- 1970 --- Tidal waves and storm surges strike the shores of the Ganges Delta, wreaking lethal damage on the people of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). A 100-mph tropical cyclone spurred the deadly flood of ocean water that washed over scores of coastal islands and devastated the densely populated delta region. An estimated 500,000 people were killed in the 20th century's worst disaster by cyclone.
- 1971 --- The U.S. spacecraft Mariner 9 became the first spacecraft to orbit another planet, Mars.
- 1974 --- 28-year-old Karen Silkwood is killed in a car accident near Crescent, Oklahoma, north of Oklahoma City. Silkwood worked as a technician at a plutonium plant operated by the Kerr-McGee Corporation, and she had been critical of the plant's health and safety procedures. In September, she had complained to the Atomic Energy Commission about unsafe conditions at the plant (a week before her death, plant monitors had found that she was contaminated with radioactivity herself), and the night she died, she was on her way to a meeting with a union representative and a reporter for The New York Times, reportedly with a folder full of documents that proved that Kerr-McGee was acting negligently when it came to worker safety at the plant. However, no such folder was found in the wreckage of her car, lending credence to the theory that someone had forced her off the road to prevent her from telling what she knew.
- 1982 --- Near the end of a weeklong national salute to Americans who served in the Vietnam War, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington after a march to its site by thousands of veterans of the conflict. The long-awaited memorial was a simple V-shaped black-granite wall inscribed with the names of the 57,939 Americans who died in the conflict, arranged in order of death, not rank, as was common in other memorials.
- 1985 --- Nevado del Ruiz, the highest active volcano in the Andes Mountains of Colombia, suffers a mild eruption that generates a series of lava flows and surges over the volcano's broad ice-covered summit. Flowing mixtures of water, ice, pumice, and other rock debris poured off the summit and sides of the volcano, forming "lahars" that flooded into the river valleys surrounding Ruiz. The
lahars joined normal river channels, and massive flooding and mudslides was exacerbated by heavy rain. Within four hours of the eruption, the lahars traveled over 60 miles, killing more than 23,000 people, injuring over 5,000, and destroying more than 5,000 homes. Hardest hit was the town of Armero, where three quarters of the 28,700 inhabitants died.
- 1986 --- U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly acknowledged that the U.S. had sent "defensive weapons and spare parts" to Iran. He denied that the shipments were sent to free hostages, but that they had been sent to improve relations.
- 2009 --- NASA announced that water had been discoved on the moon. The discovery came from the planned impact on the moon of the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS).
- Robert Louis Stevenson
- Whoopie Goldberg'
- Justice Louis D. Brandeis
- Jimmy Kimmel
- Garry Marshall
- Jean Seaberg
- Jack Elam
- Clyde McPhatter