Wednesday October 30, 2013
- 303rd Day of 2013 / 62 Remaining
- 52 Days Until Winter Begins
- 10 Hours 38 Minutes of Daylight
- Moon Rise:3:32am
- Moon Set:3:57pm
- Moon’s Phase: 16 %
- The Next Full Moon
- November 17 @ 7:16am
- Full Beaver Moon
- Full Frosty Moon
This was the time to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. Another interpretation suggests that the name Full Beaver Moon comes from the fact that the beavers are now actively preparing for winter. It is sometimes also referred to as the Frosty Moon.
- Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
- Normal To Date:1.37
- This Year:0.44
- Last Year:1.25
- Annual Seasonal Average:23.80
- National Candy Corn Day
- Checklists Day
- Create a Great Funeral Day
- Devil's Night
- Haunted Refrigerator Night
- Reformation Sunday
- King’s Birthday-Cambodia
- On This Day In …
- 1811 --- Jane Austen's “Sense and Sensibility” is published anonymously. A small circle of people, including the Price Regent, learned Austen's identity, but most of the British public knew only that the popular book had been written "by a Lady." Austen was
born in 1775, the seventh of eight children born to a clergyman in Steventon, a country village in Hampshire, England. She was very close to her older sister, Cassandra, who remained her faithful editor and critic throughout her life. The girls had five years of formal schooling, then studied with their father. Jane read voraciously and began writing stories as young as age 12, completing an early novella at age 14. Austen's quiet, happy world was disrupted when her father retired to Bath in 1801. Jane hated the resort town but amused herself by making close observations of ridiculous society manners. After her father's death in 1805, Jane, her mother, and sister lived with one of her brothers until 1808, when another brother provided them a permanent home at Chawton Cottage, in Hampshire. Jane concealed her writing from most of her acquaintances, slipping her writing paper under a blotter when someone entered the room. Though she avoided society, she was charming, intelligent, and funny. She rejected at least one proposal of marriage. She published several more novels before her death, including “Pride and Prejudice” (1813), “Mansfield Park” (1814), and “Emma” (1815). She died at age 42, of what today is thought to be Addison's disease.
- 1831 --- Escaped slave Nat Turner was apprehended in Southampton County, VA, several weeks after leading the bloodiest slave uprising in American history.
- 1890 --- Oakland, California, enacts a law against opium, morphine, and cocaine. The new regulations allowed only doctors to prescribe these drugs, which, until then, had been legal for cures or pain relief. Reflecting a general trend at the time, Oakland was only one of the jurisdictions across the country that began to pass criminal laws against the use of mind-altering substances.
- 1929 --- It was announced that John D. Rockefeller was buying sound, common stocks to help stem the massive sell-off going on at the New York Stock Exchange. It didn’t help. More than 10.7 million shares had been dumped the previous day and the market was in a free fall. The Great Depression was on and not even a Rockefeller could stop it.
- 1938 --- Orson Welles causes a nationwide panic with his broadcast of "War of the Worlds"—a realistic radio dramatization of a Martian invasion of Earth. The show began on Sunday, October 30, at 8 p.m. A voice announced: "The Columbia Broadcasting System and its affiliated stations present Orson Welles and the Mercury Theater on the air in 'War of the Worlds' by H.G. Wells." Perhaps as many as a million radio listeners believed that a real Martian invasion was underway. Panic broke out across the country. In New Jersey, terrified civilians jammed highways seeking to escape the alien marauders. People begged police for gas masks to save them from the toxic gas and asked electric companies to turn off the power so that the Martians wouldn't see their lights. One woman ran into an Indianapolis church where evening services were being held and yelled, "New York has been destroyed! It's the end of the world! Go home and prepare to die!" When news of the real-life panic leaked
into the CBS studio, Welles went on the air as himself to remind listeners that it was just fiction. There were rumors that the show caused suicides, but none were ever confirmed. The Federal Communications Commission investigated the program but found no law was broken. Networks did agree to be more cautious in their programming in the future. Orson Welles feared that the controversy generated by "War of the Worlds" would ruin his career. In fact, the publicity helped land him a contract with a Hollywood studio, and in 1941 he directed, wrote, produced, and starred in Citizen Kane—a movie that many have called the greatest American film ever made.
- 1943 --- In Moscow, a declaration was signed by the Governments of the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and China called for an early establishment of an international organization to maintain peace and security. The goal was supported on December 1, 1943, at a meeting in Teheran.
- 1953 --- George C. Marshall, who, as secretary of state following World War II, engineered a massive economic aid program for Europe, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
- 1964 --- Buffalo Wings were created by Teressa Bellissimo at the Anchor Bar in Buffalo, New York, for her son and some friends as a
- 1970 --- Jim Morrison was sentenced to 6 months in jail and fined $500 for exposing himself in Miami, FL.
- 1974 --- 32-year-old Muhammad Ali becomes the heavyweight champion of the world for the second time when he knocks out 25-year-old champ George Foreman in the eighth round of the "Rumble in the Jungle," a match in Kinshasa, Zaire. Seven years
before, Ali had lost his title when the government accused him of draft-dodging and the boxing commission took away his license. His victory in Zaire made him only the second dethroned champ in history to regain his belt. Ali lost his title and regained it once more before retiring for good in 1981. Foreman, meanwhile, retired in 1977 but kept training, and in 1987 he became the oldest heavyweight champ in the history of boxing.
- 1975 --- The New York Daily News headlined, “Ford to City: Drop Dead”, following President Gerald Ford’s initial decision to veto any
proposed federal funding for the city of New York (then on the brink of fiscal collapse). Ford later recanted and supported the Big-Apple bailout.
- 1984 --- Dan Ackroyd and John Belushi, aka The Blues Brothers
(Jake and Elwood), hit the two-million-dollar sales mark with their LP, Briefcase Full of Blues.
- 1990 --- Workers digging the rail tunnel under the English Channel linked up between England and France at a point forty meters beneath the seabed. The Chunnel, connecting Folkestone, England,
with Calais, France, opened for traffic in May 1994.
- 1991 --- The so-called "perfect storm" hits the North Atlantic producing remarkably large waves along the New England and Canadian coasts. Over the next several days, the storm spread its fury over the ocean off the coast of Canada.
- 1995 --- By a bare majority of 50.6 percent to 49.4 percent, citizens of the province of Quebec vote to remain within the federation of Canada. The referendum asked Quebec's citizens, the majority of whom are French-speakers, to vote whether their province should begin the process that could make it independent of Canada.
- 1995 --- David Bowie, Tom Donahue, Gladys Knight & The Pips,
Pete Seeger, Jefferson Airplane, Little Willie John, Pink Floyd, The Shirelles and The Velvet Underground are inducted into the
Rock & Roll Hall Of Fame.
- John Adams (2nd President)
- Emily Post
- Irma S. Rombauer
- Fred Friendly
- Ezra Pound
- Diego Maradona
- Henry Winkler
- Grace Slick
- Andrea Mitchell
- Timothy B Schmidt
- Nia Long
- Adm William Halsey
- Ruth Gordon
- Louis Malle
- Charles Atlas
- Otis Williams